Veterinary Virology
Exploration of local isolate of highly pathogenic avian influenza clade 2.3.2.1 as vaccine candidate to prevent mass outbreak in East Java

Suwarno Suwarno; Nanik Sianita Widjaja; Jola Rahmahani

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 1-7

Abstract
  Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI) H5N1 is a major problem in poultry industry in many countries. It became endemic disease in Indonesia since 2003. Recently, research revealed that current circulate HPAI in Indonesia has switched from clades 2.1 to 2.3.2.1. To eradicate this disease, methods such ...  Read More

Poultry Diseases
Seroprevalence of Mycoplasma gallisepticum infection in layer chickens of Bangladesh

Ahsan Raquib; Answar Uddin; S.M. Nurozzaman; Mohammod Misbah Uddin; Golam Ahsan; Md Masudur Rahman; Md Mahfujur Rahman

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 9-13

Abstract
  Mycoplasma gallisepticum causes major health hazards in poultry birds in Bangladesh which results in huge economic losses every year. This study was carried out to estimate and analyze the prevalence of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) infection in commercial layer chickens at Kishoreganj district of Bangladesh ...  Read More

Infectious and Epidemic Animal Diseases
Molecular characterization and phylogenic analysis of Anaplasma spp. in small ruminants from Sulaymaniyah governorate, Iraq

Shadan H. Abdullah; Hiewa O. Dyary

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 15-20

Abstract
  Anaplasma spp. are significant arthropod-borne bacteria globally, but documented information about anaplasmosis in small ruminants in the north of Iraq is insufficient. Hence, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Anaplasma spp. and identify sheep and goat tick vector populations in ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Survey and diagnostic study of Eimeria truncata in geese and ducks

Ahlam F. Altaee

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 21-27

Abstract
  This trial was aimed to determine the prevalence of renal coccidiosis in domestic geese and ducks in Nineveh governorate, Iraq. One hundred and thirty birds of both sexes and different ages were randomly purchased from many localities of Nineveh governorate during the period between 2017and 2018. According ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Effect of Oregostem® and imbalance diet on body performance and reproductive efficiency in male quails

Hiyam N. Maty; Mahmood S. Al-Maatheedi; Suha M. Alghazal

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 29-37

Abstract
  This study was aimed to determine the influence of Oregostem® and imbalance diet on body performance, hematology and spermatogenesis of male quails. A total of 160 birds have been distributed into four groups (40 birds) each with 2 replicates starting at 12 weeks of age, the four treatments includes:(G1) ...  Read More

Veterinary Obstetrics
Detection of endometritis using uterine cytobrush and ultrasonography in mares

Mohammed A. Rahawy; Ammar G. Al-Haaik; Eman H. Hayawy

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 39-44

Abstract
  The objective of this study was todetect the percentage of Polymorph nuclear cells) PMNs (from the uterine smears using the local manufactured uterine cytobrush instrument, and to determine the echogenicity the intrauterine fluid byUltrasonography. Thirty (Arabian) repeat breeder mares were used. Animals ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Extraction and purification of lipopolysaccharide from Escherichia coli (local Isolate) and study its pyrogenic activity

Ammar M. Al-AAlim; Ali A. Al-Iedani; Mohammad A. Hamad

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 45-51

Abstract
  In this study, we tried to extract and purify the LPS from E. coli local isolate and determine the molecular weight, purity, and pyrogenic effect of the product and compare it with standard E. coli O55:B5 LPS, the E. coli LPS was extracted by using hot phenol method then SDS- PAGE was used with both ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Evaluation the role of Apsa-mos® as immunomodulator on the level of antibody titers in broiler chickens vaccinated with Newcastle disease virus.

Thanoon Y. AL-hbiti; Zahra A. Al-Noaimy

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 53-56

Abstract
  The aim of our study is to evaluate the effect of Apsa-mos® as immunostimulant on the level of antibodies in broiler chickens vaccinated with Newcastle disease live attenuated vaccine (β1 and lasota strain) at 10, 24-day old respectively. Forty, one-day-old chicks were reared in this experiment. ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Detection of Dirofilaria immitis antigen in cats in Mosul city

Wasan A. Alobaidii; Zeena D. Mohammed Zaki; Manal H. Hasan

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 57-60

Abstract
  This study is the 1st trial to detect of Dirofeleria imitis in cats in Mosul city, Iraq, Dirofilariasis is the most dangerous nematodes which infect cats, through this study blood samples was collected from 200 cats (different ages, source and rearing management) to investigate from the mature female ...  Read More

Veterinary Virology
Detection of Maedi-visna virus in sheep in Nineveh province

Safwan Y. Al-Baroodi; Dhiyaa A. Mossa; Mozahim Y. Al-Attar

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 61-64

Abstract
  This is a primary study in detecting a specific antibody of the Maedi-visna virus (MVV) in blood samples and viral antigen in nasal swabs from sheep. Two hundred and forty nasal swabs and blood samples were collected from sheep of different ages and health statuses in Nineveh province, Iraq. Enzyme-linked ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Perturbation of liver function markers and serum electrolytes associated with Echinococcus granulosus infection in sheep

Ibrahim F. Ali; Tamara W. Jihad

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 65-69

Abstract
  Histopathological alterations in the liver of intermediated hosts infected with Echinococcus granulosus parasite can be occurred by necrotic expansion as a result of an increase in growth of the parasite larva stage (metacestode), which may cause perturbation in production of liver function markers. ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Some physiological and biochemical criteria in the local buffalo infected with stomach and intestinal worms in the city of Samarra

Dakheel H. Hadree; Osamah H. Shihab; Raouf M. Fadhil; Khalid A. Hadi; Jassm M. Suleiman

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 71-75

Abstract
  The study included 70 local buffalo animals (between six months and two years), 50 buffalo were confirmed to be infected with gastrointestinal worms and 20 were considering as a control group. The results of the feces tests showed that local buffalo was infected with different types of worms. It was ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
COX1 gene and ITS-2 region: A comparative study of molecular diagnosis of Parabronema skrjabini in camels (Camelus dromedaries), Al-Najaf Province, Iraq

Monyer A. Al-Fatlawi; Haider H. A-Fatlawy

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 77-84

Abstract
  The current study was contributed to the analysis of the nucleotide sequence pattern of the nucleotide sequence of the tissue DNA isolates based on the Internal Transcribed Spacer ribosomal DNA (ITS2rDNA) gene and Cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 mitochondrial DNA (COX1 mtDNA) using the traditional polymerase ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Major-surface-protein-4-gene-based detection of Anaplasma marginale isolated from sheep in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq

Saba F. Klaif; Asaad J. Abid; Monyer A. Al-Fatlawi; Mansoor J. Ali

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 85-88

Abstract
  This study was purposed for confirming detection and typing of Anaplasma spp in infected sheep from Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq. Sampling of 50 blood specimens was performed from clinically-identified infection of anaplasmosis. The samples of the blood were subjected to DNA extraction followed by polymerase-chain-reaction ...  Read More

Animal Anatomy
Anatomical study of arterial blood supply of the brain in local breed rabbit

Adnan A. Alhasso

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 89-94

Abstract
  Current work aims to investigate the brain blood supply of the local rabbit, where 14 rabbits of both sexes were used with weights ranging from 3-3.5 kg. This study revealed that the rabbit's brain is supplied by the vertebral and internal carotid artery (ICA). The union of the vertebral arteries creates ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Effect DEHP plasticizer on MDA concentration and histopathological changes in Contronix contronix japonica

Aws Z. Hamoodi; Saevan Saad Al-Mahmood

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 95-101

Abstract
  In this experiment, we aimed to recorded the effect of chronic oral exposure to DEHP on lipid peroxidation and histopathological lesions induced in different organs. A total of 150 quail chick divided into two groups (75 quail’s chicks at each group), control group left without any treatment all ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
An epidemiological and therapeutic study of Sarcoptes scabiei parasite in cows of Anbar province, Iraq

Suad Sh. Shahatha; Inaam M. Ayyed; Mohammed O. Mousa

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 103-109

Abstract
  This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Sarcoptes scabiei infection in cows in Anbar province, Iraq. The parasite was diagnosed in the laboratory via examining skin scrapings taken from the suspected cows. The results indicated that the infection rate in cows with S. scabiei reached 37.5%, ...  Read More

Animal Histology
Histopathological changes in kidney and pancreas induced by energy drinks in adult male rats

Ahmed H. Qassim; Maha A. Alsammak; Ashraf A. Ayoob

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 111-116

Abstract
  The study aims to assess the impact of various doses of red bull on kidney and pancreas of male albino rats. Thirty male albino rats were assigned to three groups (10 animals/ group). Control group (1) received standard diet and water, group 2 and group 3 received daily oral doses of 10 ml/kg/rat and ...  Read More

Veterinary Internal Medicine
Orf disease in local goat; clinical and phylogenetic study in Al-Qadisiyah governorate, Iraq

Khalefa A. Mansour; Muthanna H. Hussain; Asaad J. Abid; Qassim H. Kshash

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 117-121

Abstract
  This study aimed to diagnose orf virus ORFV from infected goats in Al-Qadisiyah Governorate of Iraq, using polymerase chain reaction and construction of phylogenetic tree. Clinical examination was made on 400 goats in different herds and crusty scabs were collected from forty infected goats. All scabs ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Effect of boric acid on sodium fluoride toxicity in chicks

Enaam H. Alabbasi; Yamama Z. Alabdaly

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 123-131

Abstract
  The aim of this study to explore the therapeutic effect of boric acid on the neurobehavioral (motor activity) level, and histopathologic changes in the brain, liver and kidneys against fluorosis. In this study rose chicks have been used and determined medium lethal sodium fluoride dose at 346.5 ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Morphological and phylogenetic characterization of Oestrus ovis larvae in sheep: Al-Qadisiyah province, Iraq

Nadia S. Alhayali; Mohenned A. Alsaadawi; Monyer A. Al-Fatlawi; Mansoor J. Alkhaled

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 133-137

Abstract
  The fly larvae infect the nasal cavities and sinuses (frontal and maxillary) of sheep, goats, and a range of wild ruminants, forming a disease called oestrosis (Nasal myiasis or nasal bot). The disease is one of the significantly diseases for the Iraqi small ruminant industry that causes detrimental ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Histopathological finding about different type of tumor that affected skin of sheep

Hadil B. Al-Sabaawy; Ahmad A. Sultan

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 139-143

Abstract
  The current study was undertaken to record and describe various neoplasms that affect sheep's skin and to determine the relationship between tumor occurrences, age, and sex of the animals. A total number of 12 sheep were examined for abnormal masses in different skin areas including head, eye, ear, udder, ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Nefopam and ketorolac: Isobolographic analysis of analgesic effect and pharmacokinetic profile in chicks

Omar Y. Jassim; Yaareb J. Mousa

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 145-150

Abstract
  There are no prior studies on the pharmacological interaction between nefopam and ketorolac and on their pharmacokinetics in the chickens. The median analgesic effective doses (ED50s) of nefopam and ketorolac were estimated individually as 8.39 mg/kg, i.m. for each drug. Thereafter, their values were ...  Read More

Animal Histology
Histological changes of CA and DG regions of hippocampus of rats’ brain after exposure to Acetaminophen in postnatal period

Saif M. Albo Hussin; Luma I. Khalel

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 151-158

Abstract
  Authors reported that exposure to acetaminophen postnatally may be linked to increasing the risk of ASD. However, the reports on its effects on the brain are scanty, and the knowledge concerning their safety is little as there is a traditional left out of the clinical trials by users. The present work ...  Read More

Zoonotic Diseases
Epidemiological study and identification of some flea species infesting wild rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and cape hares (Lepus capensis) in northern Algeria

Imene Ammam; Mohamed Rahal; Karim Rahal; Idir Bitam

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 159-165

Abstract
  Wild rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) and cape hare (Lepus capensis) are hosts for different flea species and have high medical and veterinary importance, fleas of wild leporids are of special concern since they can act as vectors for diseases, including zoonoses. This study was designed to identify flea ...  Read More

Animal Histology
Protective effect of Urtica dioica in liver and kidney damages induce by ethylene glycol in rabbits: A histopathological study

Muataz A. Al-Akash; Haitham A. Rajab; Ibtisam N. Al-Assaf

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 167-170

Abstract
  Urtica dioica is used in the many countries as seasoning and as an herbal medicine (antioxidant). In this study, adult male locale rabbit was separated into five groups, Group 1 considered as control, Group 2 to 5 animals were treated with 0.75% ethylene glycol (EG) in water to induce renal and liver ...  Read More

Veterinary Virology
Genotyping of avian infectious bronchitis virus in broiler farms in Duhok province, north of Iraq

Renas H. Isa; Jassim M. Abdo; Yousif M. AL-Barzinji

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 171-175

Abstract
  Infectious bronchitis disease is becoming the most challenging disease in broiler fields in Iraq. This disease leads to massive economic loss every round of production. Three vaccine strains H120, Ma5, and 4/91 are used to combat the disease during the production period while outbreaks occur continuously. ...  Read More

Veterinary Internal Medicine
Clinical and subclinical mastitis in buffalue in Mosul area, Iraq

Abdulsatar S. Sadoon

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 177-186

Abstract
  This paper aims to investigate the occurrence of clinical and sub-clinical cases of mastitis in buffaloes, and to identify the differences in the components of the mastitis milk, to facilitate the investigation of a number of epidemiological risk aspects in relation to the occurrence of mastitis and ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Clinical management of a severe traumatic cutaneous myiasis at the base of the antler in a fallow deer, Dama dama: A case report

Wan-Nor Fitri; Muhammad Azrolharith; Faez Firdaus Abdullah Jesse; Eric Lim; Mohd Lila Mohd-Azmi; Annas Salleh; Zulfakarudin Zamri; Azrul Hisham; Aznida Che Ali; Wahid Haron; Falah Baiee

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 187-190

Abstract
  Cutaneous myiasis is the infestation of larvae of flies in the vertebrate. The condition causes significant economic losses to the livestock industry indicating the importance of a systematic approach to clinical management. The incidents of two episodes of severe cutaneous myiasis wound at the base ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Acute and sub-acute toxicity effects of lambda-cyhalothrin in chicks

Shahaad A. Alrawe; Muna H. ALzubaidy

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 191-200

Abstract
  A Lambda-cyhalothrin (LTC) is classified as a synthetic type II pyrethroids, available in the local market, used to eliminate insects, which is widely used for spraying homes. This study aims to reveal the acute and subacute toxic effects of LTC in chicks as a biological model. The acute (LD50) by up ...  Read More

Veterinary Surgery
The role of PLGA/TPGS nanoparticle on xylazine-ketamine anesthetic activity in male albino rabbits

Omar A. Bader; Adnan M. Jasim; Mohammed J. Jawad; Hussein H. Nahi

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 201-206

Abstract
  D-ɑ-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol succinate (Vitamin E TPGS or TPGS) has been approved by food and drug administration (FDA) as harmless adjuvant and is largely used in drug systems delivery. Physicochemical and biological possessions of TPGS provide many advantages for its usage in drug delivery, ...  Read More

Infectious and Epidemic Animal Diseases
Prevalence of non-infectious claw disorders in Egyptian dairy farms in relation to the flooring system

Walid Refaai; Mohammad Gomaa; Abdelbasit M. Abdelaal; Ahmed S. Behery; Ahmed Abdelaal; Mustafa Abd El Raouf

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 207-211

Abstract
  Lameness is one of the most prevalent and costly maladies affecting dairy cattle. It has been ranked as the third after mastitis and reproductive failure. One of the leading causes of lameness is corium tissue damage and hence claw horn lesions development. Flooring system was found to have an impact ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Ovario-utero protective effect of silymarin in ethidium bromide treated female rats

Hayder G. Abdulshaheed; Jabber A. Al-Saaidi; Jawad K. Al-Arak

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 213-211

Abstract
  This study was conducted to qualify the ameliorating potency of silymarin against toxicity in ethidium bromide (EtBr) treated female rats. Eighty female Wistar rats aged 100 days, weighted 170-175 g were randomly allocated to control, orally supplemented with drinking water, and three treated groups, ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Therapeutic effect of taurine on sodium fluoride toxicity in chicks

Enaam H. Alabsy; Yamama Z. Alabdaly

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 223-238

Abstract
  The study aimed to investigate if taurine could help reduce sodium fluoride-induced toxicity in chicks. The chicks in this study were divided into four equal groups, each with eight chicks: the control group, sodium fluoride 20 mg/kg group, taurine 3 g/kg group, the fourth group was dosed with each of ...  Read More

Veterinary Theriogenology
Transabdominal ultrasonographic determination of pregnancy and fetal viability in buffalo cows

Dhafer M. Aziz; Barra D. Al-Watar

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 233-238

Abstract
  The study was conducted to evaluate the application of transabdominal ultrasonography for the determination of pregnancy and fetal viability in Iraqi buffaloes. Thirty-two buffaloes at different periods of gestation were included. The buffaloes were palpated transrectally and transabdominal ultrasonography ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Toxicity of fluoxetine hydrochloride on some selected vital organs of pregnant mice Mus musculus

Baidaa A. Mohammed; Saevan S. Al-Mahmood

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 239-243

Abstract
  The current study intends to look at the impact of the fluoxetine hydrochloride on specific tissues lung and pancreas of mature pregnant mice. The two doses used during the study were 45,75mg/kg b.w. from the 7th to the 17th day of pregnancy. Experimental animals received fluoxetine orally at a dosage ...  Read More

Animal Histology
Effect of mobile frequencies exposure on histology of retina and cornea in pregnant albino mice

Rawah N. Alshammary; Zeena D. Mohammed Zaki; Ammar G. Al-Haaik

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 245-249

Abstract
  In the current study, the potential effects of the Nokia mobile device were studied with frequency 900-1800 Mhz on the eyes of pregnant and non-pregnant female Swiss mice. The mice were divided into three groups: The first group is a control group consisting of five mice, the second group consists of ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Molecular characterization and phylogenetic analysis of Escherichia coli isolated from milk of cattle affected by mastitis

Azhar A. Neamah; Khilood H. Fahad; Jenan N. Sadeq; Monyer A. Al-Fatlawi

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 251-254

Abstract
  This evolution-based study aimed to reliably identify the epidemiological prevalence of Escherichia coli that wasrecovered from affected milk of cattle by mastitis, study the evolution of this bacterium, and describe some isolates using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique and DNA sequencing. Here, ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Morphological and Molecular diagnosis of Hypoderma spp. in Mosul city, Iraq

Duaa G. Alhamdany; Nadia S. alhayali

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 255-259

Abstract
  Hypodermosis is a distinctive ectoparasitic disease infesting cattle; Hypoderma bovis and Hypoderma lineatum are the most common causes of this myasis. In this study 78 larvae were collected from infected cattle by extraction in the Educational Veterinary Hospital, from Kokjali and Bazwaya flocks and ...  Read More

Veterinary Surgery
The effect of therankeron D6 on the healing of intestinal anastomosis in dogs

Ahmed S. Al-Qadhi; Ibraheem A. Zedan; Radhwan R. Al-Ajeli; Muneer S. Al-Badrany; Ahmed Kh. Ali

Volume 36, Issue 1 , January 2022, Pages 261-265

Abstract
  To investigate the effects of systemic administration of Theranekron (Tarantula cubensis) extract as homeopathic remedy on anastomosis healing after surgical intestinal resection. Eight healthy stray dogs (age 1-1.5 years, weight 15-20 kgs) were randomly divided into two groups; control (4 animals) and ...  Read More