Veterinary Parasitology
Effect of ultrasound on protoscoleces of Echinococcus granulosus in vitro and in vivo

Asmaa A. Ali; Baraa B. Ramadhan

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 1-5

Abstract
  The current study was designed to investigate the effect of ultrasound on the protoscoleces of Echinococcus granulosus by enforcing steady numeral of frequencies during a certain interval (20000 pulse/s) (1.8 w/cm2), using exposure time 30,20,15,12,10 and 5s, individually and respectively. Consequently, ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Effect of nefopam in normal chickens and its relationship to hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress

Yaareb J. Mousa

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 7-12

Abstract
  The objective designated to discover the analgesic effect of nefopam in the normal (non-stressed) chickens and its possible alteration due to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced oxidative stress (OS) in 7-14 day old chickens. The analgesia of nefopam has been increased by 47% in the stressed chickens by ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Acute toxicity of metronidazole and its interaction with chlorpyrifos in chicks

Douaa H. Alsanjary; Sawsan M. Amin

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 13-18

Abstract
  Metronidazole is antimicrobial drug for human and animal use, The more characteristic side effect associated with use high dose of metronidazole is neurotoxic signs, some of these signs that recorded in animal represented by ataxia and tremor, there is limited information is available on the pharmacological ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Comparison the efficiency of different techniques for the diagnosis of Toxoplasma gondii infection in slaughtered ewes

Sura S. Aghwan; Haitham S. Al-Bakri; Sadam M. Albaqqal

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 19-23

Abstract
  Toxoplasma gondii is one of the most common parasitic infections of human and other warm-blooded animals causes toxoplasmosis. In the present study a total of 50 uterus samples collected from slaughtered ewes were investigated for detection of T. gondii. Several techniques have been used to diagnose ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Study the analgesic effect of diclofenac and silymarin coadministration in chicks

Yasser M. Albadrany; Ahmed S. Naser; Mohammad M. Hasan

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 25-31

Abstract
  The study aimed to investigate the analgesic as well as anti-inflammatory effects of diclofenac and silymarin in chicks. The up and down procedure was used to assess the effective median analgesic dosages (ED50s) of diclofenac and silymarin administered intraperitoneally either alone or at the same time ...  Read More

Veterinary Surgery
Control of stray dog population by single intratesticular injection of tannic acid

Ibraheem A. Zedan; Muneer S. Taha Al-Badrany

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 33-36

Abstract
  The present study was aimed to perform the alternative technique of chemical castration for controlling the increasing population of stray dogs. Eight adult male dogs were used in the current study. The dogs were Experimentally divided randomly into two groups. The first group included four dogs that ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Multi-drug resistance profile of extended spectrum β-Lactamases producing Escherichia coli isolated from sheep in Mosul city

Fatma R. Mahmood; Ihsan M. Ahmed

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 37-40

Abstract
  Multi-drug resistance (MDR) Escherichia coli have become a major threat due to their ability to overcome different types of antibiotics. However, Extended Spectrum β-lactamase E. coli (ESBLE) imposes an additional threat due to their ability to resist the 3rd generation cephalosporins. Accordingly, ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Phynotypic and genotypic identification of Eimeria species in backyard chicken in Nineveh governorate, Iraq

Adnan M. Ahmed; Haitham S. AlBakri

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 41-46

Abstract
  Coccidiosis is an intestinal disease caused by a parasite of the genus Eimeria. This parasite mainly affects poultry species and causes great economic losses in the poultry industry. This study was designed to estimate the prevalence of coccidiosis in the local breed of domestic chicken in Nineveh Governorate, ...  Read More

Infectious and Epidemic Animal Diseases
First serodetection and molecular phylogenetic documentation of Coxiella burnetii isolates from female camels in Wasit governorate, Iraq

Mawlood A. Al-Graibawi; Afaf A. Yousif; Hasanain A. Gharban; Jakob Zinsstag

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 47-52

Abstract
  This study aims to detect Coxiella burnetii in one-humped female camels (Camelus dromedarius) using ELISA and confirmation of infection by PCR with the phylogenetic analysis of local isolates. The 91 adult female camels were selected for clinical examination and blood sampling from different areas in ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Isolation and antimicrobial resistance of Staphylococcus spp., enteric bacteria and Pseudomonas spp. associated with respiratory tract infections of sheep

Teba A. Aziz; Inam J. Lafta

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 53-58

Abstract
  Sheep are considered as an important part of livestock in the worldwide, particularly in Iraq, as they provide meat, milk, leather, wool, and manure. The present study aim is isolation and identification of staphylococci, enteric bacteria and Pseudomonas spp. Totally, 115 samples were collected from ...  Read More

Biology
RAPD-PCR and phylogenetic analysis of E. coli isolated from human and cattle urinary tract infections

Dunya A. Mraidi; Inam J. Lafta

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 59-66

Abstract
  This study aimed at isolating uropathogenic Escherichia coli from urinary tract infections (UTIs) of human and cattle to examine the molecular diversity and phylogenetic relationship of the isolates. A total of 100 urine samples were collected from UTIs of human and cattle. The isolates identification ...  Read More

Infectious and Epidemic Animal Diseases
Clinical and immunological study of specific Mycobacterium bovis-BCG transfer factor in lambs

Elaf A. Nayyef; Mawlood A. Al-Graibawi

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 67-72

Abstract
  This study was designed to prepare and evaluate the specific Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) transfer factor (TF) from spleen cells of two lambs vaccinated subcutaneously S/C with BCG vaccine twice 2 weeks’ intervals, similarly one lamb injected with normal saline ...  Read More

Veterinary Internal Medicine
The effectiveness of biogenic silver nanoparticles in the treatment of caprine mastitis induced by Staphylococcus aureus

Ali H. Al Dujaily; Alaa K. Mahmood

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 73-78

Abstract
  The aim of the present study is to determine the efficiency of silver nanoparticles in mastitis treatment induced by Staphylococcus aureus, 20 lactating goats were infected intramammaryinoculated with 1.5×108 cfu/ml of virulence Staphylococcus aureus isolated from milk of caprine mastitis and at ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Immunohistochemical and pathological changes in BALB/c mice immunized with whole sonicated Listeria monocytogenes antigens and the effect of probiotics

Thamer J. Shihab; Zainab I. Ibrahim

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 79-85

Abstract
  The current study was undertaken to investigate the role of macrophages as a cellular immune function against immunization with whole sonicated Listeria monocytogenes antigens (WSLMAgs) and the effect of probiotics. A preparation of WSLMAgs containing whole L. monocytogenes cell, after two subcutaneous ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Pathological study of genitourinary invasion by Aspergillus flavus in male rats

Sadeq O. Kadhim; Inam B. Faleh

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 87-94

Abstract
  Due to the widespread of A. flavus spores and the high risk of its mycotoxins in our environment, we investigated the pathological effects of A. flavus on genitourinary system in experimental rats using a whole sonicated antigen (WSA), and modified mycotoxin (mycotoxoid) in the immunization process. ...  Read More

Zoonotic Diseases
Toxoplasmosis, a zoonotic infection; A critical and updated analysis: A Review Article

Wassan Nori; Alaa I. Ali

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 95-99

Abstract
  Toxoplasmosis is a parasitic illness caused by Toxoplasma gondii, an obligate intracellular protozoan. It may infect humans and pets, as well as other warm-blooded mammals. Toxoplasmosis can be silent in the general public but it can be deadly in immunocompromised patients. This neurotropic protozoan ...  Read More

Zoonotic Diseases
Evaluation of bacterial contaminants and heavy metals in cow and buffalo raw milk sold in Baghdad governorate

Aseel M. Al-Rudha; Nuha K. Khalil; Noor A. Altaai

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 101-105

Abstract
  The purpose of this study was to investigate bacterial contamination and heavy metal concentrations in 80 samples of raw milk (cow:40 and buffalo:40) gathered from local markets in Baghdad, Iraq. The culture results were classified into ten categories: E. coli was 100% in each cows and buffaloes, Enterobacter ...  Read More

Veterinary Surgery
Trypsin dose optimization for glaucoma induction in rabbit model

Nour M. Muharib; Hameed A. Altmeme

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 107-113

Abstract
  Glaucoma is a neurodegenerative disease identified by optic nerve damage and loss of retinal ganglionic cells. The aim of the study was to test the precise dose of trypsin to induce glaucoma in a rabbit model. Nine White New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into three groups: Group one (G1) normal ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Effect of adding nettle plant on some physiological and biochemical parameters of broiler chickens

Abdullah F. Abdul-Majeed; Ghadeer A. Rahawi; Amar M. AL-Chalabi

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 115-119

Abstract
  The objective of this study is to find out the impact of the nettle plant (Urtica dioica L.) on broiler, because of its wide spread in our regions, and insufficient information about its effects on the broiler, as most of the current researches refers its uses in folk medicine. So, this research had ...  Read More

Zoonotic Diseases
Molecular and phylogenetic analysis of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from subclinical mastitis in lactating ewes

Zainab A. Ahmed; Afaf A. Yousif

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 121-126

Abstract
  This study was conducted for estimation of subclinical mastitis prevalence caused by Staphylococcus aureus (S.aureus) in apparent normal lactating ewes in the areas around Baghdad (Al-Rasheed, Al-Yousifya, Al-Latifya). 400 milk samples from 200 ewes were collected and examined by California mastitis ...  Read More

Animal Histology
Standard techniques for formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue: A Pathologist’s perspective

Hadil B. Al-Sabaawy; Asseel M. Rahawi; Saevan S. Al-Mahmood

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 127-135

Abstract
  Histopathology considered as an essential keystone to understanding diseases on a cellular level, without examining affected tissues and cells; will lack the accurate diagnosis. The most common protocol that used worldwide for histopathology is termed as formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded techniques; this ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Isolation and molecular detection of enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus from raw milk of cows

Dunya D. Taher; Safana A. Yassin; Mariam H. Abdulkareem

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 137-141

Abstract
  Staphylococcus aureus is a microbe associated with human’s food poisoning. It is caused by isolates producing different heat stable enterotoxins which act as one of the most spread worldwide gastroenteritis causes. The goal of the current study was to assess the incidence of S. aureus (enterotoxigenic) ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
The study of biogenic iron oxide nanoparticles effects on iron status in male rabbits infected with T. evansi

Majida A. Alqayim; Lazem H. Altaie; Laith S. Ghali

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 143-147

Abstract
  The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of propolis-iron oxide nanoparticles in eliminating the T. evansi parasite and rehome stasis of deleterious iron status in experimentally infected rabbits. Twenty male rabbits were divided into equal four groups (n=5). the 1st group as Control negative, ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Immunotherapeutic effect of chitosan and listeriolysin O on Listeria monocytogenes infection in mice

Hero I. Ali; Shaimaa N. Yasssein

Volume 35, Supplement I-III , December 2021, Pages 149-155

Abstract
  This study aimed to evaluate the effect of dietary chitosan and listeriolysin O (LLO) on the immune response against Listeria monocytogenes infection in mice. L. monocytogenes isolate was obtained from the unit of Zoonotic Disease, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Baghdad. It was reactivated ...  Read More