Veterinary Microbiology
Physiological effects of lactic acid bacteria against melamine induced toxicity in female albino rats

Ali H. Jameel; Mohammed J. Mohammed; Manal S. Mahdi; Karkaz M. Thalj

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 1-7

Abstract
  The aim of this study was to investigate the ameliorative effect of two type of lactic acid bacteria Lactobacillus casei and Lactobacillus acidophilus against melamine toxicity by some physiological indicators in mature female rats after 21 days. In this study using 35 of female mature rats and divided ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Pathological study of neoplasms surgically excised from animals attended the veterinary teaching hospital

Radhwan R. Al-Ajeli; Ahmed S. Al-Qadhi; Saevan S. Al-Mahmood; Layth M. Alkattan

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 9-14

Abstract
  This study aimed to investigate the occurrence and histopathological features of neoplastic conditions in different species of animals that attending the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mosul. Samples had been collected from animals with variable neoplastic ...  Read More

Veterinary Surgery
Using acupuncture and electroacupuncture in the treatment of laminitis in racing horses: a comparative study

Abdulmuniem Ibrahim Aljobory; Shaheen Jaafar; Aydin Siddiq Ahmed

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 15-21

Abstract
  This study was designed to compare the efficiency of using conventional acupuncture (CA) and electroacupuncture (EA) in the laminitis therapy in race horses, twenty adult race horses with laminitis were randomly selected. Clinical examination was carried out and acupuncture points were determined according ...  Read More

Veterinary Surgery
A retrospective study of fracture cases managed in the veterinary teaching hospital; 181 cases (2014-2018)

Sozan Ali Muhamad; Othman Jalal Ali; Bahjat Taifor Abbas; Hardi Fattah Marif; Rizgar Rahim Sleman; Brwa Mhamed Ali; Dekan Ali Raza; Harem Habeel Hama Ali; Gashaw Mustafa Ali

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 23-31

Abstract
  The aim of the study to evaluate 181 cases of different types of fractures in age and sex of the different breeds that were admitted to the Veterinary Teaching Hospital of College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Sulaimani, over the years 2014 -2018. From a total of 734 clinical cases, 181 were ...  Read More

Biology
Antimicrobial activity of peptides extracted from camels' blood neutrophils against some pathogenic bacteria

M.A. Mahmood; M.A. Essa

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 33-37

Abstract
  The aim of the current research was to isolate and purify antimicrobial cationic peptides (Amps) taken from camel blood and to study its antibacterial activity against some multidrug-resistant pathogenic bacteria Salmonella typhimurium, Bacillus subtilis. The results showed the possibility of obtaining ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Incidence of internal parasites of the slaughtered local breeds of ducks and geese

Baydaa Younis Al-lahaibi; Manal Himmadi Hasan; Ahlam Fathi Altaee

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 39-44

Abstract
  This study was carried out to determine the presence of gastrointestinal parasites of local ducks and geese in Nineveh province. Sixty-four ducks and seventy geese of different ages and sexes were purchased from local markets. Necropsy findings in ducks reviled a total infection rate of 68.8% was with ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Histopathological effects of experimental exposure to lead on nervous system in albino female rats

Asrar Al-khafaf; Hana Kh. Ismail; Ahmed M.A. Alsaidya

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 45-48

Abstract
  Lead toxicity is a common health issue. Lead (Pb) is harmful to vital organs of body particularly the nervous system. This study aimed to estimate the effects of lead on the cerebellum, cerebrum and spinal cord in rat model, focusing on histopathological changes. 24 female mature albino rats of 200-300g ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Detection of multiple presence of antibiotic residues in slaughtered sheep at Duhok abattoir, Iraq

Shireen A. Yousif; Dhyaa Mohammad Taher Jwher

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 49-55

Abstract
  The aim of this study is to investigate the presence and/or multi-presence of tetracycline, penicillin G, streptomycin, and gentamicin residues in slaughtered sheep carcasses at Duhok abattoir using ELISA technique. Eighty-eight samples were collected from different sites of twenty-two sheep carcasses. ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Chemopreventive effect of Quercus infectoria galls on DMBA induced mouse skin tumorigenesis

Sherzad Ibrahim Mustafa; Bushra M. Mohammed

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 57-62

Abstract
  Chemoprevention is an important strategy to control the process of carcinogenesis and a number of plants with anti-cancer properties are being researched, some of which have shown promising results. Quercus infectoria galls is a well-known medicinal plant which has been used in medicine as larvicidal, ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Effects of COQ10 with vitamin E supplementation on semen quality and seminal plasma parameters of broiler breeder males

Samah M. Raouf; Ahmed T. Taha

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 65-70

Abstract
  This study aimed at detecting the effects of COQ10 with and without vitamin E on some semen characteristics of the broiler breeder males. Twenty-five males at 43weeks of age divided into five categories of treatment with five replicates. The first treatment (control group) included drenching with corn ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Evaluation the safety and synergistic effect of NiFe2O4 nanoparticles with antibiotic against Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Hala M. Majeed; Heba Younis Khalef; Halah Abdulkhaleq Awadh; Bashar Sadeq Noomi; Nihad Abdul-Hussain jafar; Khaild Ahmad Hadi

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 71-77

Abstract
  The antimicrobial resistance currently impedes and threatens the future of effective prevention and treatment of the continually expanding range of infections caused by bacteria. This study aimed to identify the bacterial causes the wound infection among animals and using the antibiotic/nanoparticles ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Molecular identification of new circulating Hyalomma asiaticum asiaticum from sheep and goats in Duhok governorate, Iraq

Shameeran Ismael; Lokman Tayib Omer

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 79-83

Abstract
  Because there was no such study done on identification of tick species by PCR technique in in Duhok Governorate, therefore present study was done to identify tick species by using molecular study by using of 16S rRNA and DNA sequencing. About 1000 ticks were collected from both sheep and goat, form Duhok ...  Read More

Animal Anatomy
A histological study on the effect of imatinib on the rats' testis after early postnatal exposure

luma khalel; Hafidh A. Al-Ashoo

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 85-92

Abstract
  The safety region of imatinib, and markedly its role in testicular toxicity has been studied in a controversial manner in current years. This study was designed to address the repercussion of administration of groups of pups with imatinib mesylate (at neonatal or infantile periods) using histological ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Effect of adding different levels of cinnamon (Cinnamomum sp) on growth and chemical composition criteria of common carp Cyprinus carpio L.

Mahmoud A. Mohammad

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 93-98

Abstract
  This study was conducted to evaluate the addition of three levels of cinnamon (Cinnamomum sp), 96 common carp Cyprinus carpio L. at a mean weight of 5±0.15 g/fish on four experimental diets with three replicates per treatment 0% with three experimental diets containing 0.75%, 1%, and 1.5% of the ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Molecular fingerprinting of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated from human and poultry in Duhok, Iraq

Hishiyar A Hado; Mahde S Assafi

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 99-103

Abstract
  Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been recently identified in poultry and farm workers. The aim of this work was to investigate the epidemiological relatedness of MRSA among chickens and farmworker. MRSA isolates (n=50) from human (n=14) and from chikens (n=36) were tested for molecular ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Molecular differentiation of Thysaniezia (Helictometra) giardi and Moniezia species based on 18s rRNA gene in small ruminants

Monyer A. Alfatlawi; Yahia Kh. Ismail; Mansour J. Ali; Azhar C. Karawan; Israa N. Ibadi

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 105-108

Abstract
  This study was conducted to investigate Anoplocephalidia Cestoda in sheep and goat and evaluate the 18s rRNA to genetically differentiate the genera of this family. Sixty sample tapeworms were collected from small intestines of 30 sheep and 30 goats from different slaughterhouses in Al-Najaf and Al-Qadisiyah ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Effect of levofloxacin on some body tissues in mice

Rand A. Abdullah; Faten D. Taee; Imad A. Thanoon

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 109-111

Abstract
  Levofloxacin is a third generation of fluoroquinolones family. It is commonly used in the treatment of a several bacterial infections. However, misusing antibiotics impose damage to hepatocytes and myocytes. The present study was conducted to access the effect of levofloxacin on tissue histology ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Clinical and molecular identification of ruling Theileria annulata strains in cattle calves in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq

Monyer A. Alfatlawi; Asaad A. Jasim; Noor E. Jarad; Saba F. Khlaif

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 115-119

Abstract
  This study aimed to investigate the evolutionary status of T. annulata in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq. In this study, the clinical examination of 50 infected animals was performed with blood sample collection (2.5ml per animal), and drug targets cytochrome b, a vital component of the electron transfer ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxic effects of butylated hydroxytoluene in rats

Yamama Z. Alabdaly; Entisar Kh. Al-Hamdany; Entisar R. Abed

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 121-128

Abstract
  This study aimed to assess the acute toxicity in rats of heated and un heatedbutylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). Sunflower oil dissolved BHT, heated at 98±2ºC by a water bath. The animals were divided into five groups. The control group dosage orally with sunflower oil, the first group treated ...  Read More

Animal Histology
Development of the wing bones in quail’s embryo; Coturnix japonica

Hadia K. Zorab; Kamal A. Salih

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 129-137

Abstract
  Quail is an essential model in avian research because of economic importance in poultry industries around the world. Furthermore, its use in the experimental embryology research field. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the onset of chondrification and ossification of the wing bones also to summarize ...  Read More

Veterinary Internal Medicine
Ultrasonography of left displaced abomasum in local cattle breed

Osama M. Aliraqi

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 139-144

Abstract
  The aims of the current study were a definitive diagnosis of left displaced abomasum by using ultrasonography furthermore determination of abomasal position and measurements. Study includes sixteen local cattle breed, six have anorexia, weakness and drop milk production, on clinical examination there ...  Read More

Biology
Bronchodilator activity of ethyl acetate extract of Nigella sativa

Ihsan Husain Mohammed Ali; Qasim Hasso Abdullah; Omer AL-Habib

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 145-149

Abstract
  This study aims to investigate the mechanism(s) included in the bronchodilation effect exerted by Nigella sativa. Ethyl acetate extract (NS.EA) was prepared using a maceration method. Adult albino rats were recruited for thoracotomy and removal of the trachea. After cutting into pieces, the tissue was ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Effect of methotrexate and aspirin interaction and its relationship to oxidative stress in rats

yamama zuher Alabdaly; Mohammed Ghassan saeed; Hadeel mohammed Al-hashemi

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 151-156

Abstract
  This study aims to investigate the effect of aspirin in methotrexate toxicity (increase or decrease) relating to oxidative stress and histopathological changes of the liver and kidney in male rats. Twenty rats were divided into equal 4 groups, the first is considered control group, the second was treated ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Evaluation of the heavy metal content in the muscle tissue of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) reared in groundwater in Basrah province, Iraq

Arafat Ahmed

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 157-161

Abstract
  The concentration of heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Cr, Ni, Hg, Pb, and Cd) in the muscles of common carp (Cyprinus carpio) reared in groundwater in Khor Al-Zubair, Basrah province (in the south of Iraq) were assessed using X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectroscopy. XRF is a powerful technique for element analysis ...  Read More

Veterinary Obstetrics
Creatine kinase and C reactive protein as an indicator for tissue damage in the retained placenta in cows

Barra D. Al-Watar; Eman Lazim; Osama H. Al-Hyani

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 163-167

Abstract
  The current study aimed to investigate concentrations of Creatine Kinase (CK) and C Reactive Protein (CRP) in blood serum of cows with the retained placenta to compare with cows of normal parturition, also, to compare their concentrations in association with fetal sex, previous parturition and time to ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Biomarkering metabolic activities of the tapeworm Khawia armeniaca (Cholodkovsky, 1915) in association to its fish host Barbus grypus (Hekle, 1843)

Bushra H. Al-Niaeemi; Maruah H. Dawood

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 169-176

Abstract
  The present work was aimed to study the relation between the tapeworm Khawia armeniaca infection and some metabolic extents in both the parasitic tapeworm and the parasitized fish Barbus grypus, using LDH and transaminase activities as a vital connotation. 57 adult Barbus grypus fish (Hekle fish) were ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Effect of supplementation of rumen protected methionine and lysine on some physiological aspects of fattening calves

Hiyam N. Maty

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 177-181

Abstract
  This study was carried out during the period from February-April 2019 at a private breeding field. A total of 82 imported calves for fattening 9-12 month of age. These calves were divided randomly into 3 groups and treated for 90 days as follows: G1 (27 calves) supplied with basal diet only and considered ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
The impact of storage duration and conditions on the formation of biogenic amines and microbial content in poultry meat

Shamail Abdulaali Saewa; Zaid Khalaf Khidhir; mustafa hamza Al Bayati

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 183-188

Abstract
   This research was conducted to estimate the safety of breast and thigh meat (Ross 308) stored in refrigeration and freezing for different periods (0, 3 and 6) and (0, 15 and 30) days, respectively (total samples 12). High pH found in the 6th day of refrigeration storage for thigh meat; 6.414, while ...  Read More

Animal Histology
The effect of CO-Q10 on the testicular histological changes in rats induced by imatinib

Luma K. Al-Allaf; Hafidh A. Al-Ashoo

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 189-196

Abstract
  The safety zone of imatinib, and specifically its relevancy to organ toxicity, has been discussed dialectically in current years. Oxidative stress may be one of the causes of imatinib -mediated toxicity. This study aimed to examine the possible role of co-enzyme Q10 in ameliorating the adverse effect ...  Read More

Veterinary Theriogenology
Semen collection in Rusa timorensis under general anaesthesia by using ketamine-xylazine: Clinical study

Wan-Nor Fitri; Wahid Haron; Faez Firdaus Abdullah Jesse; Siti Aimi Sarah; Mohd Lila Mohd-Azmi; Muhammad Azrolharith; Zubaidah Kamarudin; Donny Yawah; Ahmad Zulhizri; Che-Amat Azlan; Yap Keng Chee

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 197-205

Abstract
  There is a scarcity of information for a reliable and safe protocol for semen collection in R. timorensis. The induction of general anesthesia by Ketamine-Xylazine in both intravenous and intramuscular routes provides valuable information for the practicality of the procedure. Five healthy and matured ...  Read More

Veterinary Virology
Isolation and identification of Circovirus in pigeon

Safwan Yousif Al-Baroodi; Mozahim yasen Al-Attar

Volume 35, Issue 1 , January 2021, Pages 207-210

Abstract
  The purpose of this study is first trial to detect of pigeon circovirus, so 1sr group include 100 cloacal swabs were collected 55 healthy and 45 ill pigeons, 36 yearlings and 64 adults, the 2nd group included organs was liver, spleen, bursa of Fabricius from 41 young pigeons 10-30 days old and bursa ...  Read More