Animal Hygiene
Monitoring of Antibiotic Residues among Sheep Meat in Erbil City and Thermal Processing Effect on their Remnants

Dhary Alewy Almashhadany

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 217-222

Abstract
  The occurrence of antibiotic residues in meat is considered a serious hazard to public health. This work was conducted to survey the occurrence of antibiotic residues among lamb meat and mutton in Erbil city. The effect of thermal processing on residues was also addressed. From July to December 2018, ...  Read More

Poultry Diseases
Similarities and differences of COVID-19 and avian infectious bronchitis from molecular pathologist and poultry specialist view point

Waseem Al-Jameel; Saevan Saad Al-Mahmood

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 223-231

Abstract
  Coronaviruses (CoVs) are important RNA viruses that affect respiratory, gastrointestinal and urinary system of human being and birds. These viruses originated from the subfamily Coronavirinae which genetically includes Alphacoronavirus, Beta coronavirus, Gamma coronavirus and Delta coronavirus. ...  Read More

Veterinary Surgery
Histological evaluation of the possible role of Na+/ H+ entiporter and anion exchanger in endochondral ossification activities of secondary bone healing in rats

Sahar Mohammed Ibrahim; Thana’a M Ibrahim; Kareem Obayes Handool; Abubakar Adamu Abdul; jalila abu; Sabri Mohd Yusof; Mehdi Ibrahimmi; Loqman Yusof

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 233-240

Abstract
  In secondary fracture healing, callus proliferate, undergo hypertrophy and the extracellular matrix becomes calcified. This step to some extent, recapitulates the embryological bone development with a combination of cellular proliferation and differentiation, increasing cellular volume and matrix deposition. ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
The antagonism effect of sodium nitrate by ascorbic acid (vitamin C) on neurobehavioral of mice

Halima O. Qasim

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 241-245

Abstract
  Evaluates the neurobehavioral effects were resulted from dosing of sodium nitrate in mice. Mice were divided into 5 equal groups, the first group; control group was fed from concentrated feed (Barley, Wheat, Soybeans, Corn and Bran), the second group was added 0.2% sodium nitrate and the third group ...  Read More

Poultry Diseases
Molecular detection and seroprevalence of Toxoplasmosis in free range local chickens (Gallus domesticus) in Duhok province, Iraq

Farhad B. Mikaeel; Adel T. Al-Saeed

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 247-252

Abstract
  Toxoplasmosis is a cosmopolitan zoonotic parasitic disease of mammals and birds; human infection occurs through consumption of raw or undercooked meat. Little was known about the infection rate of T. gondii among free range local chickens (Gallus domesticus) in Duhok province. Therefore, the present ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Genetic detection to Aeromonas hydrophila proteolytic activity in milk samples (cows, buffaloes and goats) in Basra governorate

Rawa B Banay

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 253-258

Abstract
  This study aim is to determine the incidence and the virulence of Aeromonas hydrophila in raw milk, randomly collected from Basra governorate by using of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique. In this study, the total number of raw milk samples collected from cows, buffaloes and goats that kept from ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Molecular identification and phylogenetic analysis of lactic acid bacteria isolated from goat raw milk

Zahra K. Saeed; Basil A. Abbas; Rasha M. Othman

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 259-263

Abstract
  The aim of this study was to identify the genetic diversity of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from the local goat's milk. A total of 100 raw milk samples were collected from the different Basrah local markets. All the samples were cultured in the De man, Rogosa, and Sharpe (MRS) medium which enhances ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Ovarian morphometric evolution in two consecutive estrous cycles of female rats treated with steroid-free bovine follicular fluid antiserum

Jabber A. Al-Sa’aidi; Areej H. Al-Charack

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 265-271

Abstract
  The current study aims to investigate the role of steroid-free follicular fluid antiserum on ovaries morphometric growth and development in virgin female rats at two sequential estrous cycles. Bovine follicular fluid aspired from graafian follicles, steroids were removed by treatment with activated charcoal, ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Effect of steroid-free follicular fluid antiserum on reproductive endocrine profile at estrous and metestrus phases in female rats

Jabber A. Al-Sa’aidi; Areej H. Al-Charack

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 273-278

Abstract
  Inhibins are important ovarian hormones that control the action of the pituitary gonadotropins which regulate the ovarian cycle. The present experiment aims to study the role of steroid-free follicular fluid-antibodies (S-FBFF-ab) on the reproductive hormone levels at estrus and metestrus phases in cycling ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Anticlastogenic properties of Quercus infectoria galls extract against DMBA induced genotoxicity in bone marrow cells of mice in vivo

Sherzad I Amedi; Bushra M. Mohammed

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 279-285

Abstract
  This study aimed to evaluate the aqueous extract of Quercus infectoria galls extract (QIGE) as anticlastogenic. The effect of QIGE was tested in mice (5 groups for each test) treated with 7, 12-dimethylbenz (a) anthracene (DMBA), the strong site-specific carcinogenic agent. In this study, the QIGE show ...  Read More

Zoonotic Diseases
Some insights of novel COVID 19 virus: structure, pathogenicity and immunity aspects

Ammar M. Al-Aalim; Mohammad A. Hamad; Ali A. AL-ledani

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 287-293

Abstract
  COVID- 19 is highly infectious disease where the first infected case reported in Wuhan city-China, then it was spread worldwide. The causative agent belongs to novel enveloped single linear positive-sense stranded RNA Coronavirus, which is also called SARS-CoV-2 and has an affinity to lung cells. The ...  Read More

Animal Immunology and Vaccination
Follow up the antibodies titer against Newcastle disease virus in broiler breeders using ELISA test

Fanar A. Isihak; Salah M. Hassan; Balqees Z. Shaker; Yasir A. Salih

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 295-299

Abstract
  The study period carried out from 25 April 2018 till 21 May 2019 through the rearing and production period including totally of 24000 birds (20800 females, 3200 males). The number of tested blood samples was 452 divided to 255 samples at the rearing period, 143 samples at the production period and 54 ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Study of Staphylococcus aureus isolated from the mouth of canary

Saba A. Hussein

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 301-304

Abstract
  The study was done for described genotypically characterize of Staph. aureus isolated from the oral cavity of canary birds in Mosul city using polymerase chain reaction technique which was achieved by amplifying of the thermonuclear nuc gene specialized with Staph. aureus. Sixty birds were examined from ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Inhibition of Escherichia coli biofilm formation by Streptomyces sdLi crude extract

Ahmed J. Neamah; Abdul-kareem S. Al-Al-Yassari; Mohammed A. Hamed; Miran A. AlRammahi

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 305-310

Abstract
  Biofilm is a microbial-protecting environment initiated on surfaces that reveals major health problems such as biofilms represented by dental plaques. Fighting biofilm formation is a hugely demanded process. Here, the crude extract of Streptomyces sdLi (sediment lake Iraq-sdLi) was used to check the ...  Read More

Zoonotic Diseases
Detection and pathogenicity of Listeria monocytogenes in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) fish in Baghdad, Iraq

Nagham M. Al-Gburi

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 311-316

Abstract
  A few reports are available for detection of L. monocytogenes in fish in Iraq, however, the current study was undertaken to investigate the potential role of Listeria spp. in common carp fish in Baghdad province, Iraq. A total of fresh thirty raw common carp (Cyprinus carpio) were purchased from fish ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Synergizing the deltamethrin larvicidal activity against Aedes albopictus larvae using cinnamaldehyde in Diwaniyah, Iraq

Mansour J. Ali; Azhar C. Karawan; Dhafer R. Al-Fetly; Monyer A. Alfatlawi

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 317-320

Abstract
  The current work on mosquito larvae was performed to evaluate the resistance status of larvae to deltamethrin (DM) and to detect if the larvicidal activity (LA) of this chemical could be synergized after exposing the larvae to cinnamaldehyde (CD). Here, 200 Aedes albopictus larvae were employed for the ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Molecular characterization of fertile hydatid cysts from the liver of the sheep and cows and associated environmental influence factors

Renas G. Abdulla; Sarmad N. Mageed; Chawarwan E. Obed; Jamil A. Jumaa

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 321-327

Abstract
  The aim of the study is characterizing of hydatid cysts that have been isolated from sheep and cow liver fertile hydatid cysts using mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1(cox1) gene. DNA samples of nineteen sheep and one cow were extracted from protoscoleces and germinal layers of the parasites ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Molecular detection of Hammondia heydorni in dogs in Mosul city

Wasan A. Alobaidii

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 329-332

Abstract
  Through this study 122 individual fecal samples were collected from dogs, with different ages, sexes, and breeding management (stray and pet house hold). Some dogs were with healthy appearances while others were suffered from diarrhea, anorexia, depression, dehydration. Infection was investigated by ...  Read More

Biology
Detection of similarity and genetic distance between Iraqi chicken varieties and different standard strains

Thamer A. Ezzulddin; Dhyaa M. Jwher; Sufian A. Dabdoub

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 333-337

Abstract
  Forty-eight wing vein blood samples were collected from different locations of poultry rearing farms and back yard chickens of Nineveh governorate from the of local and exotic chicken. The chicken divided into twelve groups four birds each according to colors and phenotype for the local and exotic chicken ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Pathogenesis of Salmonella enterica serovar albany in experimental infected SPF BALB/c Mice

Jesny B. Sabri; Imad I. Al-Sultan; Khalil Altaif; Sherly Peter; Mohammed J. Saadh

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 339-344

Abstract
  Salmonellosis remains an important zoonotic disease and public health concern, Salmonella enterica serovar Albany is one of the motile serovars which has been identified from poultry and humans. However, its pathogenic potentials and shedding probability and duration from infected/colonized chickens ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Are promising mechanisms of hydroxychloroquine abolish COVID-19 activity? A review study

Yaareb J Mousa; Mahmood B. Mahmood; Fanar A. Isihaq; Ammar A. Mohammed

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 345-349

Abstract
  To explore the benefits of Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), (which is an antimalarial agent that has shown effective pharmacological properties in different malarial conditions and immunological disorders, particularity in chloroquine-sensitive malaria), in the treatment and prevention of Corona Virus Disease-2019 ...  Read More

Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Phylogenetic analysis of Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV) in Iraqi Awassi sheep

Saad Al-Husseiny; Asaad Jassim; Khalefa A. Mansour; Qassim H. kshash

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 351-355

Abstract
  Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV) infection in sheep results in contagious ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma (OPA). The aim of this study was to detect the presence of JSRV in Iraqi Awassi sheep of Al-Qadisiyah Province using reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR). Lung secretion samples from 50 adult sheep ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Effect of vitamin C and acetylsalicylic acid supplementation on some hematological value, heat shock protein 70 concentration and growth hormone level in broiler exposed to heat stress

Ashwaq A. Hassan; Rana A. Asim

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 357-363

Abstract
  The goal of the current investigation is to study the effect of vitamin C and acetylsalicylic acid in minimizing the effects of heat stress in terms of hematological values, growth hormone, HSP70 and glutathione. Broiler were randomly distributed into four groups: 1st group was served as the control, ...  Read More

Veterinary Virology
Development of in-house Taqman qPCR assay to detect equine herpesvirus-2 in Al-Qadisiyah city

Mohammed H. Al-Saadi

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 365-371

Abstract
  EHV-2 is distributed in horses globally. It is clustered within gamma-herpesvirus subfamily and percavirus genus. EHV-2 infection has two phases: latent and lytic. In the later, EHV-2 mainly associated with respiratory and genital symptoms. However, in the quiescent phase of infection, EHV-2 stay dormant ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Natural heavy infection with immature sarcocysts of Sarcocytis spp. in sheep in Mosul city: A case report

Nadia S. Alhayali; Manal H. Hasan; Karam Y. Al-Mallah

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 373-376

Abstract
  This study included recording the natural heavy infection with immature macrocysts (Sarcocysts) of Sarcocytis spp. in sheep. The sheep is one years old which is slaughtered at butcher shop at Mosul city in May 2018. This is the first case recorded of natural infection with immature sarcocysts of Sarcocystis ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Molecular study to detect the Eimeria species in sheep in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq

Noora M. Majeed; Noaman N. Aaiz; Ahmed J. Neama

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 377-381

Abstract
  Sheep eimriosis is one of the most important and common disease which infects sheep in all ages but it is more effective in lambs. The diarrhea with or without blood is the main signs of infection. Eimeria protozoan required single host to complete its life cycle which pass in different stages including ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Evaluation of the antinociceptive effect of xylazine and it’s interaction with metoclopramide in the acute pain model in mice

Khalid A. Shaban; Muna H. Alzubaidy; Gada A. Faris

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 383-388

Abstract
  The study was designed to qualitative and quantitative evaluation of the antinociceptive effect of metoclopramide and xylazine each alone or as a concomitant administration in mice. Adult albino Swiss mice weighing 20-30 mg used in all experiments. By using the hot plate test, the individual analgesic ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Effect of silver nanoparticles on some blood parameters in rats

Azhar AL-Baker; A.A. AlKshab; Hana Kh. Ismail

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 389-395

Abstract
  The present study aims are investigating the effects of oral administration of AgNPs on some blood the parameters to show potential of toxicity of AgNPs as tool therapy and diagnosis. In this study, 20 healthy male and female rats were used. Randomly, rats were divided into 5 groups depending on the ...  Read More

Biology
Application of ultrasound contra infection with secondary hydatidosis in mice

Baraa B. Ramdan; Asmaa A. Ali

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 397-403

Abstract
  The present research explained the impact of ultrasound on the viability of Echinococcus granulosus protoscolices in vitro application of fixed frequency waves at 20000 pulse/sec and 1.8 w/cm2, with different exposing periods, thirty, twenty, fifteen, twelve, ten and five seconds respectively, subsequently ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Assessment of the withdrawal period for ractopamine hydrochloride in the goat and sheep

Mochamad Lauardi; Bambang Hermanto; Tjuk I. Restiadi

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 405-410

Abstract
  Ractopamine hydrochloride often used as a bronchodilator, but its β-adrenergic agonist effects on un-striated muscle and its withdrawal time have not been assessed for Etawah goats and sheep. The aim of this study was to determine the safe time to slaughter goats and sheep post-treatment with ractopamine. ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Effect of saponin extract of Glycyrrihiza glabra in activity of hepatic enzymes and some biochemical parameters in serum of adults ovariectomized female rats

Ameera A. Hamdoon; Elham M. Al-khashab; Hadeel M. Al-hashemi

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 411-415

Abstract
  This research was planned to verify the influence of saponin, that extracted from Glycyrrihiza glabra in activity of hepatic enzymes and some biochemical parameters of serum ovariectomized adult female rats. 15 adult female rats were randomly divided into three groups, which included sham-operated (sham), ...  Read More

Animal Anatomy
Functional morphology of the trunk and paw pad skin of the African palm squirrel (Epixerus ebii)

Chikera S. Ibe; Adanna Elezue; Ekele Ikpegbu; Uchenna Callistus Nlebedum

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 417-425

Abstract
  The study was initiated to contribute to the meager knowledge of the anatomy of the African palm squirrel. Skin of the trunk and paw pads was the subject of interest. Basic gross and histological techniques were employed. The dorsal fur was grey with golden brown free endings, while the ventral fur was ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Using T cell lymphokines to enhance the immune response against Newcastle disease in vaccinated broiler chickens fed naturally contaminated diet with different mycotoxins

Basher H. Saud; Mushtaq T. AL-Zuhariy

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 427-433

Abstract
  The current study aimed to reduce the toxic effect of different mycotoxins and enhance the immunity against ND virus in broiler chickens by using lymphokines from hyperimmunized birds with Salmonella typhymurium. The study included three stages, the first stage included isolating Salmonella typhymurium. ...  Read More

Veterinary Internal Medicine
Clinical, serological and antigenic study of feline panleukopenia virus in cats in Baghdad, Iraq

Mohammad M. Zenad; Amanee M. Radhy

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 435-439

Abstract
   (FPL) is a common contagious disease with high morbidity and mortality rates. This study was performed in the Baghdad capital city of Iraq from January 2018 -to- February 2019. Fecal and blood samples were collected from both diarrheic and non-diarrheic 180 cats, of both sexes. Hundred pet and ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Molecular detection of Cryptosporidium parvum in chicken in Al-Diwaniya province

Noor I. Jarad

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 441-445

Abstract
  This study were conducted in Al-Diwaniya province, in south Iraq during the period from Februaryto July 2019 to determine the rate of infection of Cryptosporidium parvum in domestic chicken, study the effect of some epidemiological factors such as sex and months on the rate of infection, addition to ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Detection of lead, chromium and cobalt in meats of cattle and buffalo from retails of Mosul city

Hiba S. Al-Naemi; Raad A. Al-Sanjary; Rana A. Faraj; Ahmed ٍadi

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 447-451

Abstract
  Lead (Pb), chromium (Cr) and cobalt (Co) were investigated in 160 local and imported meat samples of cattle and buffalo collected from markets of Mosul city by using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS). Results reported mean concentrations of Pb and Cr in local cattle meat 0.136 and 0.0651 mg/kg, ...  Read More

Biology
The genotype of Entamoeba histolytica in bloody diarrhea samples of humans, cows and sheep

Hassan H. Naser

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 453-458

Abstract
  The present study was carried out to detect the genotype of E. histolytica that found in human fecal specimens and animals feces with Haemorrgic diarrhea by amplifying the SREHP gene, using RT-PCR technique, Cyber ​​green dye and by fusion curve analysis. The study also included molecular detection ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Detection of the hbl complex genes in Bacillus cereus isolated from cow raw milk in northwest of Iran

R. Alipour Banaei; Saman Mahdavi

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 459-463

Abstract
  Bacillus(B) cereus is regarded as a major foodborne pathogen which is widely distributed in the nature. In addition, it plays an important role in the contamination of ready-to-eat and dairy products. B. cereus causes the two different types of food poisoning in human: the diarrheal and the emetic type. ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Comparative treatment of induced ulcerative colitis in male rat model by using cinnarizine and sulfasalazine

Rana Kh. Atarbashe; Ahmed Abu-Raghif

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 465-472

Abstract
  Ulcerative colitis is a chronic and intermittent illness. The current treatment failed to cure the disease which requires to investigate other drug with minimal side effects. The goal of the research is to assess the histological outcome, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of cinnarizine in comparison ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Improving light microscopic detection of collagen by trichrome stain modification

Saevan S. Al-Mahmood

Volume 34, Issue 2 , July 2020, Pages 273-281

Abstract
  In present study we aimed to introduce modifications in classical protocol applied to stain collagen fibers by Masson's trichrome stain, in order to decrease time and concentration of different steps and chemical in this traditional protocol. The experiment design contains a series of successive amendment ...  Read More