Veterinary Pathology
Protective effect of placental mesenchymal stem cells on histological changes of pancreas experimentally induced by alloxane in mice

Hana Kh. Ismail; Rasha A. Al-Sabawy; Hamad J. Jumaa

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 1-8

Abstract
  In an attempt to find a treatment for diabetes by Placental mesenchymal stem cells, we induced diabetes in albino mice by injected them with the diabetic agent Alloxan intra peritoneal cavity dose 70 mg / kg of body weight for the group 1 and 2, then injection of the diabetic mice with Placental mesenchymal ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
The histological changes induced by Cytarabine on rabbits livers (with and without vitamin E administration)

Saif Al-Jammas; Ayad Al-Saraj

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 9-13

Abstract
  The present study was intended to determine the histological changes induced by Cytarabine drug on the structure of rabbit's livers and the protective effects of vitamin E on these histological changes. The treated group with daily intraperitoneal dose of (50 mg/kg body weight) of Cytarabine alone, showed ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in broiler and broilers farm workers in Duhok, Iraq by using conventional and PCR techniques

Mahde S. Assafi; Hishiyar A. Hado; Ibtessam S. Abdulrahman

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 15-22

Abstract
  Livestock-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has become a global public health concern. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence rates of MRSA infection amongst broiler chickens and broilers farm workers. The total samples used in this study were 306. Cloacal ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Influence of chitosan on hematological and histopathological changes in mice infected with Brucella melitensis immunized with Rev - 1 vaccine

Muna A. Al-Khafaji; Hamza H. Al-Sultany

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 23-29

Abstract
  This study aimed to assess the changes of blood cells constitutions and study the histopathological sections of liver and spleen in dual sexes mice infected with brucella melitensis and the role of chitosan supplement with and without Rev-1 vaccine in enhancing the inflammatory proses, two experiments ...  Read More

Infectious and Epidemic Animal Diseases
Evaluation of cardiac enzymes and acute phase response as biomarkers for rapid diagnosis of myocarditis in calves with FMD

Kamal M. AlSaad; Hasanin N. Al-Autaish; Jihad A. Ahmed

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 31-37

Abstract
  Troponin-I, homocysteine, Creatine kinase-myocardial band, lactate dehydrogenase and acute phase response had been evaluated in calves with myocarditis due to FMD. The study was conducted on 52 local breed calves 1-6 months old and from both sexes, their dams have no history for vaccination against FMD ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Estimation of some biochemical parameters and trace elements in sheep infested with Taenia hydatigena cysts in Sulaymaniyah province/Iraq

Aram A. Mohammed; Mohammed A. Kadir

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 39-44

Abstract
  This study was carried out in Sulaymaniyah province, Iraq to estimate the concentration of some biochemical parameters and trace elements in the serum of sheep infected with the metacestodes of Taenia hydatigena. The present study included the measurement of some biochemical parameters as total protein, ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Effect of Prosopis farcta extracts on some complications (hematology and lipid profiles) associated with alloxan induced diabetic rats

Ismael H. Mohammed; Esmail S. Kakey

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 45-50

Abstract
  This study aimed to investigate the effects of ethyl acetate Prosopis farcta extracts on some complications associated with diabetes in rats. The experimental rats of 1.5-2 months old that weighed 190-220 g were randomly divided into six groups of seven animals each. Body weight, serum glucose, hematological ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Bioremediation of lead and cadmium and the strive role of Pediococcus pentosaceus probiotic

Raghad Jaafar

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 51-57

Abstract
  Consumption of food and water contaminated with heavy metals poses a huge threat to the life. Both of Lead (Pb) and Cadmium (Cd) are heavy metals and important environmental pollutants. Away from traditional treatments, the current study aims to adopt probiotic bacteria Pediococcus pentosaceu to treat ...  Read More

Veterinary Virology
Isolation and detection of reovirus from arthritis in chickens

Safwan Yousif Al-Baroodi

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 59-63

Abstract
  In this study 70 samples were collected from 14-26 weeks old egg laying hens. Clinical signs of infected chickens characterized by lameness, swelling in hock joint. Samples include blood for preparation of serum also hock joints and tendon for virus isolation. Hyperimmune sera was prepared by injection ...  Read More

Infectious and Epidemic Animal Diseases
Haematological, oxidative stress and electrolyte alterations in puppies with canine parvoviral enteritis

Chigozie Ukwueze; Ekemini S Akpan; Romanus C Ezeokonkwo; Chika I Nwosuh; Boniface M Anene

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 65-69

Abstract
  Haematological changes, oxidative stress markers and electrolyte alterations were evaluated in puppies infected with canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2) that were presented to veterinary hospitals and clinics in South Eastern, Nigeria. Fifty-one dogs were used for the study and they were assigned into three ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Histopathological effect of fluoxetine drug on the brain of pregnant mice and their embryos

Baidaa Barwarei

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 71-76

Abstract
  The present study was designed to identify the histopathological effect of fluoxetine (fluoxetine hydrochloride) on the pregnant mice brain and their fetuses as well as recording weight changes at doses of 60 and 80 mg/kg of body weight which were administrated to the pregnant mice from the 7th up to ...  Read More

Veterinary Virology
Diagnosis of reovirus infection in broiler breeders flocks by using PCR technique in Erbil province

Fanar Isihak

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 77-81

Abstract
  Avian reoviruses can infect birds without any clinical signs of infection, the infection may associate with different manifestations including viral arthritis/tenosynovitis and malabsorption syndrome. The objective of this study was to use advance methods representing by molecular methods (RT-PCR, RT-qPCR) ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Detection of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis in raw cow’s milk using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique

Ihsan M. Ahmed; Raad A. Al-Sanjary; Haiffa H. Alkazaly

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 83-86

Abstract
  Paratuberculosis or Johne’s disease is a chronic debilitating disease mainly infects ruminants and caused by Mycobacterium paratuberculosis. Previous serological studies in Mosul city confirm the presence of positive reactants for paratuberculosis in cattle. However, culture methods to confirm ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Effect of β-mannanase, Lysolecithin and probiotic on some reproductive performance and hormone profile in female quail

Hadel M. Hameed; Fadwa Kh. Aga; Saeb Y. Abdulrahman

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 87-93

Abstract
  The aim of this study to evaluate the effect of β-mannanase. Lysolecithin and Probiotic on some reproductive performance and hormone profile in female quail. Six hundred one day - old quail birds were randomly divided to four treatments (60 birds/treatment) with 3 replicates for each group treatment ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Investigate the Toxoplasma gondii infection in the consumed beef in Al-Diwaniyah province

Farah M. Sakban; Noman N. A’aiz

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 95-99

Abstract
  Toxoplasmosis is very important zoonotic disease in the world cause by an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite called Toxoplasma gondii can infect human and all warm-blood animals, beef consider from most important source for infection with T. gondii and there is no really data and study about the ...  Read More

Veterinary Virology
Diagnosis and histopathological study of avian influenza virus-H5 (AIV-H5) in broiler farms

Fanar A. Isihak; Hana Kh. Ismail; Abed Alwaheed A. Wahid

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 101-107

Abstract
  This study was conducted for diagnosis and description of the pathological changes of AIV-H5 as the causative pathogen in Iraqi broiler farms. The current study was carried out on 84 broiler farms. Infected birds were tested for detection of the AIV infection from the tracheal swabs by rapid chromatographic ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Some anti-diabetic properties of Prosopis farcta extracts in alloxan induced diabetic in adult rats

Ismael H. Mohammed; Ismail S. Kakey; Mahdi M. Farimani

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 109-113

Abstract
  Prosopis farctais belonged to Mimosaceae family, commonly known as mesquite. It was chosen to investigate their effect on α-glucosidase inhibitory activity (in-vitro), serum glucose and liver functions. Roots, fruits, and leaves of P. farcta, were extracted by n-hexane, ethyl acetate, and methanol. ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Effect of probiotic acidophilus plus against infection with secondary hydatid disease in BALB /c mice

Suhayla Y. Yousif; Asmaa A. Ali

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 115-121

Abstract
  The current study investigated the effect of acidophilus plus probiotic in the immune activities in mice to infestation with the cystic echinococcosis. Two dilutions of the probiotic bacteria 9*106/0.1 ml, 30*103/0.1 ml CFU were used, by intraperitoneally injection in the experimental animals, pre and ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Genotyping study of Fasciola gigantica isolated from cattle in Aqrah city, Iraq

Reedha N. Hamoo; Fouad S. Al-Rubaye; Nashaat G. Mustafa

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 123-127

Abstract
  This study was conducted to investigate the 18S rRNA gene of Fasciola gigantica obtained from the liver of cattle live in Aqrah city, Iraq. Fifty-nine Fasciola flukes were collected through routine investigation from livers of naturally infected local cattle (42 cows), from May to August 2017, at the ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Incidence of cutaneous and subcutaneous tumors of dogs from Baghdad city: Clinical, cytological and histopathological features

Inam J. Lafta; Huda H. Alabbody

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 129-137

Abstract
  The present study was conducted to estimate the incidence, clinical findings, cytological and histopathological characteristics of spontaneously occurring skin neoplasms in dogs. A total of 40 grossly suspected cases of cutaneous and subcutaneous tumors were gathered during the period from July 2016 ...  Read More

Veterinary Internal Medicine
Molecular characterization of heat shock protein 70 gene in Iraqi buffalo

Hassan N. Habib

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 139-143

Abstract
  The heat shock protein 70 (HSP 70) has important roles in protecting cells and keeping them alive when exposed to different stress conditions. The polymorphism of the hsp 70 gene could be linked with the ability of stress tolerance. This study aimed to determine the polymorphism of the hsp 70 gene in ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Pathological study of some esophageal lesions of slaughtered sheep in Mosul abattoir

Entisar Kh. Al-Hamdany

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 145-151

Abstract
  This study includes collection of 120 samples of sheep esophagus from slaughtered sheep in Mosul abattoir from December 2013 to March 2014 for detection of lesions and their incidence. Total 85 esophagus samples showed lesions from the total collected samples. The revealed lesions included disturbance ...  Read More

Animal Immunology and Vaccination
The inhibitory role of effective microorganisms on the growth of pathogenic bacteria

Mohammad A. Hamad; Saba A. Hussein; Ebtehal N. Mahmmoud; Ammar M. Al-AAlim

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 153-158

Abstract
  This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of Effective Microorganisms (EM1®) for inhibiting the growth of some pathogenic bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and E. coli were used in this study and isolated from pathological conditions. These bacteria were diagnosed in laboratory of microbiology, ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Prevalence, morphological and biochemical study of larval stage Coenurus cerebralis of Taenia multiceps in sheep

Nadia H. Mohammed

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 159-163

Abstract
  This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of Coenurus cerebralis of Tenia multiceps in sheep of Nineveh governorate. One handed and thirty-six sheep heads were examined for the presence of coenurus cysts 31 (22.8%) were infected. The younger were more affected than the adults. There were no significant ...  Read More

Veterinary Mycology
Experimental infection in mice with Acremonium spp. mold and Rhodotorula spp. yeast isolated from cow's milk

Shaimaa N. Yassein; Zainab R. Zghair

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 165-171

Abstract
  This study was performed in isolation of some pathogenic fungi from milk of apparently healthy cows. Eighty milk samples were collected from four quarters of twenty cows in the Abu Ghraib. Each sample was cultured on Sabouraud dextrose Agar at 28±2 ºC for 4-7 days. The most predominant mold ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Some chewing lice (Phthiraptera) species as ectoparasites infested aquatic birds with a new record of three species from Al-Sanaf marsh/ southern Iraq

Zainab A. Mohammad

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 173-180

Abstract
  The present study was carried out to determine additional chewing lice of aquatic birds and additional data on the prevalence of chewing lice in aquatic birds found on the Southern marshes of Iraq. Sixty-nine of different species of aquatic birds were randomly collected and examined for chewing lice ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Effect of supplementation of encapsulated organic acid and essential oil Gallant+® on some physiological parameters of Japanese quails

Hiyam N. Matty; Ashwaq A. Hassan

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 181-188

Abstract
  The current study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplements of organic acid and essential oil Gallant+® on the growth hormone, glutathione, performance of growth, some biochemical parameters and intestinal histomorphology in quails. Japanese quails one-day-old (n=120) were distributed ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Toxicological and neurobehavioral effects of chlorpyrifos and deltamethrin insecticides in mice

Khaerea A. Mustafa; Banan Kh. Al-Baggou

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 189-196

Abstract
  The aim of the present study was to determine the acute toxicity of chlorpyrifos and deltamethrin in mice separately and to study their toxic and neurobehavioral effects. Median Lethal Doses (LD50) of chlorpyrifos and deltamethrin were determined depending on up and down method. The oral LD50 of chlorpyrifos ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Levels of disaccharidases in the brush border membrane of equine small intestine

Miran A. Al-Rammahi

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 197-201

Abstract
  The disaccharides, consisting of sucrose, lactose and maltose, are hydrolysed into monosaccharides (D-glucose, D-galactose and D-fructose) by intestinal brush border enzymes: sucrase, lactase and maltase. The aim of this study to investigate changes in the brush-border membrane carbohydrate digestive ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Detection of the extended spectrum β-lactamase produced by Escherichia coli from dairy cows by using the Vitek-2 method in Tulungagung regency, Indonesia

Akyun R. Putra; Mustofa H. Effendi; Setiawan Koesdarto; Suwarno Suwarno; Wiwiek Tyasningsih; Acts T. Estoepangestie

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 203-207

Abstract
  The use of antibiotics in inappropriate on food producing animals can lead to resistance many of the pathogenic bacteria to the various types of antibiotics, one of which is the Escherichia coli (E. coli) which produces extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL). Antibiotic resistance in animals and humans ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
The effect of nicotine per inhalation on the diameter and epithelium thickness of the seminiferous tubules of rats

Yew S. En; Hardany Primarizky; Widjiati Widjiati; Epy Luqman

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 209-215

Abstract
  This study aimed to assess the level of testicular damage by observing the changes in the diameter and epithelium thickness of seminiferous tubules in rats that exposure to nicotine per inhalation. Thirty adult male rats were used and divided into five equal groups and treatment as follows for 20 days; ...  Read More

Epidemiological, diagnostic and therapeutic study for mange in sheep of Anbar province- Iraq

Suad Sh. Shahatha

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 1-7

Abstract
  This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of mange in sheep in Anbar province by examining 462 heads of sheep. The disease was diagnosed by examining the skin scraping taken from the infected animals in the laboratory. The results showed that sheep were infected with Sarcoptes scabiei parasite, ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Detection of Shigella in raw bovine milk by polymerase chain reaction

Noor Soulieman; Aemaan Al-Mariri; Faizah Al-Atrash

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 9-16

Abstract
  Shigella is an intracellular bacterium can infect both human and animal. Its species especially Shigella dysenteriae cause shigellosis worldwide, with 165 million cases of severe bloody diarrhea and mucoid feces. The aim of this study was to find a rapid, sensitive and specific method for screening Shigella ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Uses of direct and indirect immuno-fluorescent techniques for demonstration of nematodes infection in sheep in Nineveh government

Enas S. Hussein; Sura S. Aghwan

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 17-22

Abstract
   This study was conducted for comparison between two different modern methods for the diagnosis of the nematode worms' infection in sheep we used acridine orange fluorochrome and specific staining kit in fecal samples. We examined 50 sheep fecal samples; the total infection rate was about 96% when ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Study on the blood protozoa in geese

Nadia H. Mohammed

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 23-27

Abstract
  This study included the investigation of blood parasites in 150 geese. The results showed a high infection rate of 70.7%. The infection rate in the geese with small ages was higher compared to the large ages with 84.2 and 47.3% respectively, with no significant difference in infection rate between males ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
The effect of Propolis addition to broiler feeds on some blood biochemical parameters and intestinal flora

Muntaha G. Hassan; Tuqaa A. Abdullah

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 29-35

Abstract
  The present study was conducted to evaluate the efficiency of adding Propolis to broiler feeds and the effect on some biochemical and biological parameters represented by its effect on the total bacterial count of intestinal flora as well as the antimicrobial effect on Escherichia coli, staphylococcus ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
The relationship between HSP70 and level of leptin and luteinizing hormones in female rats exposed to chronic and acute heat stress

Hiyam N. Matty; Ashwaq A. Hassan

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 37-43

Abstract
  The current search experiments designed to study the effect of chronic and acute heat stress on the relationship between HSP70, leptin and luteinizing hormones level in female rats. 45 female pups were used in the age of weaning, were randomly divided into three equal groups. 1st group was a control ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Investigation of urinary bladder lesions of slaughtered local bovine calves in Mosul city

Mohammed G. Saeed

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 45-51

Abstract
  One hundred fifteen samples of the urinary bladder were collected randomly from slaughtered local bovine calves in Mosul city during March 2018. Gross and histopathological changes revealed in 37 samples 23.1%. Gross changes represented by congestions, petechial hemorrhage, inflammation and cystic hernia. ...  Read More

Veterinary Virology
Prevalence of the bovine adenovirus type 3 by using direct fluorescent antibody technique in calves in Nineveh province

Abdulhakeem A. Sheet; Safwan Y. Al-Baroodi

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 53-57

Abstract
  A total of 200 samples were collected from the calves for different ages from local and exotic breed by using nasal swabs, to investigate the prevalence of the bovine adenoviruses. The results showed that about 44% of the examined calves gave positive to immunofluorescence test, and the calves aged 6-9 ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Prophylactic role of sweet almond (Prunus amygdalus) suspension in healthy and experimentally induced diabetic rats

Lubna Ahmed Kafi; Farah R. Kbyeh

Volume 34, Issue 1 , January 2020, Pages 59-64

Abstract
  The current study aimed to determine some positive prophylactic effects of sweet almond suspension (SAS) on blood glucose and lipid profile of experimentally aloxan induced hyperglycemic male rats. Thirty male adult rats divided randomly into two equal groups, prevention group treated with sweet almond ...  Read More