Animal Anatomy
A gross anatomical and histological study of pancreas in adult Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus)

Ammar Al-Haaik

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 175-180

Abstract
  Fifteen Kestrel were used in this study regardless to their sex. The results study showed that the pancreas of adult Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) lies under the right side of the peritoneal cavity, and situated between the descending part and ascending part of the duodenum and has pale pinkish to white ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Prevalence of nematodes infestation in Clarias gariepinus from El-Burullus Lake and Lake Nasser, Egypt

Sh.S. Sorour; A.H. Hamouda

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 181-188

Abstract
  A total number of 400 Clarias gaiepinus were collected alive from several and various locations at El-Burullus Lake and Lake Nasser, to investigate the prevailing nematodes that infect this fish species from the two locations. Nearly all the examined fish were positive for one or more nematodes; four ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Study of histopathological and biochemical effect of Punica granatum L. extract on streptozotocin -induced diabetes in rabbits

E.R. Sarhat; S. A. Wadi; B.I. Sedeeq; Th. R. Sarhat; N.A. Jasim

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 189-194

Abstract
  This study was undertaken to determine the antidiabetic effects of oral administration of Punica granatum L. extract on serum and tissues of streptozotocin induced diabetic rabbits at 100 mg/kg. The present study was carried out at the Faculty of veterinary Medicine, Tikrit University, from February ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Isolation and identification of Salmonella typhimurium bacteria with detection of type-1 fimbriae coding gene by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique

Zeena Saleh; B.M. Al-Muhana; Kh. Hamdan; M.S. Jawad; S.F. Klaif

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 195-199

Abstract
  Two hundred faeces sample were collected from cattle with different age and sex in Al- Diwaniyah Province. The study was conducted in the period between November 2016 and November 2017. Salmonella typhimurium bacteria identified by routine methods such as culturing on selective media, biochemical test ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Mixed thymic tumor in a rooster: gross and histological features

Saevan Saad Al-Mahmood; Ahmed Al-Qadhi; Radhwan Al-Ajeli; layth Alkattan

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 201-204

Abstract
  A 2-year-old rooster local breed suffered from anorexia, emaciation with abnormal large mass in lateral side in cervical region was attended to Veterinary Teaching Hospital belong to College of Veterinary Medicine, Mosul University. After physical examination a movable and friable mass were recognized ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Early prediction of some kid body dimensions from maternal traits

Abdullah Hameed Salim; Ahmed Mnati; Yassen Abdul-Rahman

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 205-207

Abstract
  This study was conducted in the Iraqi Ministry of Agriculture, Ruminant Research Station, west of Baghdad. It included 447 goats born of both sexes belonging to local, Shami and their crosses. The body dimensions of kids at birth and the dam's weight and age at birth, as well as the dependence of weaning ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Molecular identification of allelic genotypes of pyrethroid-insecticide resistance in housefly, Iraq

Monyer Abdulameir Abd Alfatlawi; Mansour Ali; Hassan Naser

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 209-212

Abstract
  According to global-wide presence of insecticides resistance to pyrethroids, the current study identified the purpose to detect the allelic genotypes regarding this issue in house flies in Iraq. From the governorate of Al-Qadisiyah, Iraq, 60 morphologically and molecularly recognized house flies were ...  Read More

Effect of arginine on physiological and reproductive performance of Awassi ewes

Thair Mohammed; Ahmed Al-Ani; Alaa Munther

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 213-220

Abstract
  The objective of the current study was to determine the effect of injected amino acid arginine on reproductive performance in ewes and on the levels of some hormones. Twenty-one non pregnant Awassi Turkish ewes were used. These ewes were divided into three equal groups. The first group were not treated ...  Read More

Fish Diseases
Effect of probiotic (Poultrystar®) and heat stress on some blood parameters in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.)

Rawnaq Ismail; Alaa Alhamdani

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 221-225

Abstract
  This study was conducted to determine the effect of the heat stress on some blood parameters and role of probiotics (Poultrystar®) to reduce these effects, 120 common carp (Cyprinus carpio) with mean weight 150±10g were obtained from collage of Agriculture and forestry /University of Mosul. ...  Read More

Variations in the viability and macromolecules concentration of E. granulosus protoscolices isolated from ruminants consequence treatment with Nigella sativa seed's oil (In vitro study)

Maimonah Q. Yahya

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 227-234

Abstract
  The aim of the present study was to investigate the scolicidal activity of Nigella sativa seed's oil concerning the viability in vitro and biomolecules content (carbohydrates, proteins and nucleic acids) ofEchinococcus granulosus protoscolices. Protoscolices were aseptically aspiratedfromcysts of livers ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Comparative pharmacokinetic study of theaflavin in healthy and experimentally induced liver damage rabbits

Sarhan Rashid

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 235-242

Abstract
  This current work aimed to study the pharmacokinetics of theaflavin in healthy and hepatotoxic rabbits for comparison. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were significantly raised (P<0.05) after administration of 0.2 mg/kg body weight (BW) ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Experimental detection of antioxidant and atherogenic effects of grapes seeds extracts in rabbits

Shihaab Al-Bajari; Moataz Al- Akash; Hana Kh. Ismail

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 243-249

Abstract
  The aim of this study was to determine the ability of Grapes seeds (Vitis vinifera) aqueous, proteinous, non- proteinous and alcoholic extracts as antioxidant and antiatherogenic in rabbits after exposure to 0.5% H2O2 in drinking water for 30 days. The results illustrated capability of 0.5% H2O2 to initiate ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Microscopic identification, molecular and phylogenetic analysis of Babesia species in buffalo from slaughter house in Al-Najaf city of Iraq

Rashaa Ateaa; Mansour Alkhaled

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 251-258

Abstract
  Babesia is one of hemoprotozoan parasite transmitted by arthropod vectors which responsible for causing of Babesiosis disease in bovine worldwide. The present study was designed for microscopic identification, molecular, and phylogenetic analysis of Babesia species in buffalo from slaughter house in ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Application of magnetic technology in local quail house and hatchery on performance, reproductive and physiological traits under heat stress

Mahbuba Mustafa

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 259-266

Abstract
  Using magnetic technology has shown major potentials in different fields especially agriculture. Two experiments were conducted to investigate the using of magnetic technology application in local quail house and hatchery on productive and physiological traits under heat stress condition. Results revealed ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Analyses of mycotoxins in broiler’s local and imported feeds

N.M. Bibani; Z.K. Khidhir; A.S. Shaker; S.M. Kirkuki; S.M. Abdulateef

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 267-271

Abstract
  In the present study 40 samples of broiler feeds that obtained from commercial feed manufacturing company (concerning 21 from Iraqi manufactures and 19 from the Iranian manufactures) were analyzed for the incidence of Aflatoxins, Ochratoxin, T-2, Fumonisins, and Zearalenone mycotoxins. The result has ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Analgesic effect of silymarin in chicks

Ahmed Salah Naser; yasser albadrany

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 273-276

Abstract
  There were no studies about the analgesic effect of silymarin in the chicken. This study examined antinociceptive effect of silymarin given intraperitonially in 7-9 day-old chicks. The median effective dose of silymarin for the induction of analgesia to electric stimulation in the chicks was 65.3 mg/kg. ...  Read More

Animal Anatomy
Structural study of uterine tubes of the rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) at different postnatal periods

Faeq Jabar Al-Saffar; Massarat Almayahi

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 277-288

Abstract
  This study was designed to investigate the histomorphological changes in the uterine tubes of the local rabbits during three different periods of ages that were kitten, immature and mature stages of life. For such study, twenty-four female rabbits were used. Procedure of routine histological technique ...  Read More

Veterinary Surgery
A comparative study between kessler suture versus polypropylene mesh implantation to repair tenotomized common calcaneal tendon in rabbits

Saddam Humadi

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 289-296

Abstract
  The present study is assigned to throw the light on the benefit of using Kessler suture compared with polypropylene mesh implantation in healing of induced tenotomy of common calcaneal tendon in a rabbit model based on clinico-histopathological evaluation. Twenty adults New Zealand white male rabbits ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Assessment the level of some heavy metal in vital body fluids and blood parameters in lactating Awassi ewes

Ashwaq Ahmed Hassan; Rana amer asim Al Suleman agha; Ali Saeed Al-Chalabi

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 297-301

Abstract
  The aim of the study was to estimate the level of cadmium, zinc and oxidative stress parameters in serum and milk as well as the blood constituents in local at the age of 3-4 years during the spring and summer seasons. Blood and milk samples were collected from 30 ewes (15 each season). The blood samples ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Detection on ectoparasites on small ruminants and their impact on the tanning industry in Sulaimani province

Bahzad Mustafa

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 303-309

Abstract
  The study was carried out through the clinical examination on the skins of sheep and goats to identify the quality and processed in the tanneries. Parasitic skin diseases caused by ectoparasites such as mange mites, lice, and ticks are among these threats resulting in a serious economic loss to the tanning ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
The histological changes induced by cytarabine on rabbits kidneys (with and without vitamin E administration)

Saif Al-Jammas; ayad Al-Sarraj

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 311-316

Abstract
  The present study was designed to determine the histological changes induced by Cytarabine drug on the structure of rabbits kidneys and the protective effects of vitamin E on these histological changes. The treated group with daily intraperitoneal dose of (50 mg/kg body weight) of Cytarabine alone, showed ...  Read More

Veterinary Surgery
A comparison between two different biomaterials for treatment of tracheal defect in dogs

Osama Al-Hyani; Abd Al-Haleem Al-Hasan

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 317-327

Abstract
  This study was designed to evaluate the healing process of tracheal cartilage defect after implantation of two different biomaterials in dogs. Eighteen adult dogs from both sexes were used. They were divided into 2 equal groups. A window shape defect of about 3cm x 2cm was induced in the cervical part ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Different vectors used to transform and clone of nonstructural NS1 gene of Influenza B in Escherichia coli

Ali Dawood

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 329-333

Abstract
  Flu is a highly contagious and common illness caused by influenza A, B, and C viruses. The aim of the present study was to investigate the transformation and cloning of NS1B gene with pET-32a, pET-32b and pQE-81L in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3) and DH5α. pUC57-NS1B synthetic gene was transform and ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Histological and antimicrobial effects of tramadol infiltration on incisional oral mucosal wound healing in rabbits

F.A. Al-Mashhadane; E.A. Mustafa; G.A. Taqa

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 335-340

Abstract
  The present study compared effects of tramadol with lidocaine on healing processes of incisional intraoral mucosal wounds in rabbits and to study the antimicrobial effect of tramadol. For this purpose, fifteen apparently healthy male rabbits of 5-6 months old were used. They were classified into three ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Nad1 gene analysis of Echinococcus granulosus from sheep in Aqrah city, Iraq

R.N. Hamoo; nashaat Ghalib Mustafa; S.A. Abdulraheem

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 341-345

Abstract
  Echinococcus granulosus (E. granulosus) is a dog tapeworm cestoda; it is larval stage responsible to cystic echinococcosis, one of the most common and dangerous worldwide zoonotic parasitic disease. The aim of this study was the molecular identification of the local strain of E. granulosus isolated from ...  Read More

Veterinary Surgery
Laparoscopic and hand-assisted cystorrhaphy strengthened with omental pedicle in dogs: Radiographic and ultrasonographic study

Mohammed Alhamdany; layth Alkattan

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 347-352

Abstract
  This study was designed to evaluate the using of two laparoscopic techniques for repairing an experimental cystotomy of urinary bladder reinforced with omental pedicle in dogs. Eighteen local breed male dogs were randomly allocated into two equal groups: first group an experimental cystotomy (about 2 ...  Read More

Veterinary Surgery
Levels of some biochemical markers in sera of pregnant and non-pregnant lactating dairy cows in Baghdad, Iraq

Masar Kadhim; Basim Ali

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 353-358

Abstract
  This study aimed to measure the biochemical markers including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), γ-glutamyl transferase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), creatine kinase (CK), total proteins, albumin, globulin, albumin / globulin (A/G) ratio, glucose, blood urea ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Effect of vitamin A and grazing in some physiological characters and milk production of Meriz does

S.Y. Abdul-Rahman; Khalid Sultan

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 359-365

Abstract
  The current study was aimed to investigate the influence of Vitamin A- Palmitate injection and grazing on some physiological and biochemical characters, milk yield and its compositions. Twenty eight Meriz does (2 years aged) after parturition with average body weight 22.57 ± 0.47 Kg, and were ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Serodiagnosis of Toxocariasis by ELISA test using anti- T. canis IgG antibodies in stray dogs compared to PCR

Noor Jarad; A.K. Abbas; N.N. Aἀiz

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 367-370

Abstract
  Toxocara (T.) canis is a nematode parasite of canines; belong to the Ascarididae family, which accidentally infected humans. Puppies expel the eggs with the feces from the fourth week of the life cycle. This study is the first study in Iraq for detection seroprevalence in stray dogs and ...  Read More

Animal Anatomy
Histological and ultrastructural studies of the pancreas of native rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus)

Y.A. Mohammed

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 371-378

Abstract
  The pancreas of male adult native rabbit was studied by using light microscope (LM) and transmission electron microscope (TEM). The pancreas possessed both exocrine and endocrine portions. Exocrine portion included both acinar and ductal cells. The acinar cells were pyramidal in shaped which formed the ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Fasciolosis: grading the histopathological lesions in naturally infected bovine liver in Mosul city

Saevan Saad Al-Mahmood; Hadil Basim Al-Sabaawy

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 379-387

Abstract
  Fasciolosis cause economic losses in cattle that breed in Iraq and the world. About 4% of bovine liver’s samples included in the current study exhibited classical pathological lesions of fasciolosis. Samples of cattle livers infected with fasciolosis were taken for histopathology. Eighteen grading ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Prevalence and molecular identification of Cryptosporidium spp in cattle in Baghdad province, Iraq

H.H. Alseady; M.H. Kawan

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 389-394

Abstract
  The objective of this study was to record the prevalence rate of Cryptosporidium and to determine the Cryptosporidium spp in cattle in different parts of Baghdad province. A total number of 100 fecal samples from different age groups were collected. Conventional method using modified Ziehl-Neelsen for ...  Read More

Veterinary Clinical Pathology
The significance of milk ring test for identifying brucella antibodies in cows and buffaloes' raw milk at Erbil governorate, Iraq

D.A. Al-Mashhadany

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 395-400

Abstract
  This study was undertaken to monitor Brucella antibodies in the milk of cows and buffaloes in Erbil Governorate, Kurdistan Region, Iraq, using mik ring test (MRT) assay. A total of 210 samples of milk (130 from cows and 80 from buffaloes) were randomly collected from lactating females. The overall prevalence ...  Read More

Bone fractures in dogs: A retrospective study of 129 dogs

Mustafa Abd El Raouf; S.A. Ezzeldein; E.F.M. Eisa

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 401-405

Abstract
  The aim of the present study was to evaluate 129 dogs with different breed, age and sex admitted to the clinic of Department of Surgery, Anesthesiology and Radiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Zagazig University over a 2-year period with different kinds of fractures. Thorough clinical and radiographic ...  Read More

The effect of pisang ambon (Musa paradisiaca L.) stem extract on the regulation of IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α in rats’ enteritis

R. Kurnijasanti; M. Candrarisna

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 407-413

Abstract
  Considering that NSAIDs are widely used in medication for pain, inflammatory, and fever, its side effect, mucosal erosion, needs to be minimized. The purpose of this paper is to study the potential use of Musa paradisiaca L. stem extract in lowering TNFα, IL-1ß and IL-6 proinflammatory cytokines ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Measurements and evaluation of some electrolytes concentrations in spleens of imported sheep to Sulaimani province

Elham Husain; K.A. Muhammad

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 415-418

Abstract
  The aim of this study was to determine the correlation between some biometrical measurements (length and width) and some electrolytic concentration (Na +, K+ and Cl-) in sheep spleen. This study was conducted on 19 spleens of male sheep, they were imported from Syria to Sulaimani province, aged between ...  Read More

Veterinary Surgery
Effects of platelets rich fibrin and bone marrow on the healing of distal radial fracture in local dogs: Comparative study

Moyaser Thanoon; M.J. Eesa; E.R. Abed

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 419-425

Abstract
  The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of platelets rich fibrin and bone marrow on distal radial fracture healing in local breed dogs. Twenty four adult animals (males and females), mean aged 2.6 ±0.15 years, and the mean body weight 24.58 ±1.07 kg were used. The experimental ...  Read More

Veterinary Internal Medicine
Prevalence and some risk factors of bovine heamotropic mycoplasma in Nineveh province - Iraq

Salam Abd Esmaeel; Basima albadrani

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 427-431

Abstract
  The objective of current study was to determine the prevalence of bovine heamotropic mycoplasma in cattle using conventional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in Nineveh province/ Iraq, to investigate some of the epidemiological risk factors associated with occurrence of the disease. From September 2017 ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Prevalence of Parascaris equorum in native horses in West Bank Palestine

R. Othman; I. Alzuheir

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 433-436

Abstract
  A total number of 435 fecal samples from native horses, aged between 6 months to 10 years of both sexes, were collected from eight cities at West Bank, Palestine during January 2015 to January 2017. The Mc Master egg counting and sedimentation methods were used for the detection of Parascaris equorum ...  Read More

Comparative anatomical, histological, and histochemical study of liver in human and domestic rabbit

Muna Zuhair Al-Hamdany

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 437-446

Abstract
  This study was conducted to compare the anatomical histological and histochemical structure of human liver with the liver of domestic rabbits to evaluate the quality of liver of rabbit to be used as a model of mammalian species in the experimental researches. Ten liver biopsies of human (Group I) and ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Serotyping, virulence gene expression and phenotypic characterization of E. coli O157:H7 in colibacillosis affecting buffalo calves in Basra governorate

H.A. Naji; Wessam Monther Mohammed Saleh; M. Hanoon; I. Imad; Y. Salim

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 445-451

Abstract
  The objective of the current study was to detect the clinical signs of colibacillosis in buffalo calves, isolate E. coli O157:H7, detect its virulence gene eaeA using PCR and estimate its prevalence.The current study sampled 120 buffalo calves aged 1day to 5 months from the Al- Basra veterinary Hospital ...  Read More

Veterinary Surgery
Clinical and ultrasonographic study of using autogenous venous graft and platelet-rich plasma for repairing Achilles tendon rupture in dogs

A.H. Allawi; layth mahmoud Alkattan; osama muwaffag aliraqi

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 453-460

Abstract
  The present article was aimed to assess the healing process of experimental entire rupture of Achilles tendon treated with various methods. The study was conducted on twenty-four healthy mature local breed dogs, which were randomly allocated in equal four experimental groups (6 of each). All dogs underwent ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
The impact of melatonin administration on the fertility performance and several relating parameters during the breeding season in the Arabi ewes

W.Y. Kassim; K.A. Al-Rishdy; M.F. Al-Helou

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 461-468

Abstract
  A total of twenty-four healthy ewes aged between 2-3 years old and weighed about 35.09 kg of body weight were divided randomly into four groups (6 animals for each group). The first group included the non-treated control group, while the other three groups were subjected to various oral doses of melatonin ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Detection of Mycoplasma gallisepticum and Mycoplasma synoviae by using of cultural and PCR technique

N.A. Jafar; Bashar Noomi

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 469-473

Abstract
  Laboratory methods are essential for the diagnosis of Mycoplasmal infection. There are three laboratory approaches are essential for the diagnosis of Mycoplasmal infection in chicken including direct methods by culture method and polymerase chain reaction, and indirect methods by detection of Mycoplasmal ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Detection of ectoparasites in different birds

Manal Hasan

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 37-41

Abstract
  The study was conducted to detect the ectoparasites infestation in chickens, Domestic pigeons Columba livia domestica and turkeys in different areas of Mosul city by survey examining of 80 birds of chickens, 85 birds of pigeons and 50 birds of turkeys, of both sexes. Results show the infestation rates ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Ovarian lesions in non pregnant ewes in Mosul city

Maryam Hussien; karam yahya

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 43-49

Abstract
  This study aimed detection and identification of the lesions in the ovaries of ewes and determination of their percentages in Mosul region. For that purpose, ovaries from 108 genital systems were randomly collected from non-pregnant ewes slaughtered at Mosul slaughter house and private butcheries for ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Diagnostic study for Listeria monocytogenes isolated from brain and meat of sheep in Mosul city

Sumaya Aldabbagh

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 51-55

Abstract
  This study included collect of 150 samples from brain and meat of sheep from the slaughterhouse and local butchers shop in Mosul city. 50 sample from each (brain, cutting meat, and minced meat) which used for detection of listeria monocytogenes. The International Standard Organization (ISO) methods were ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Evaluation the efficiency of the fungus Metarhizium anisopliae as biocontrol agent for adults of hard ticks Hyalomma anatolicum

S.Sh. Shahatha

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 57-62

Abstract
  This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of the fungus Metarhizium anisopliae  as a vital agent for the control of the Hyalomma anatolicum, which is infested on buffalo fields in some villages of Anbar province, Iraq. The results showed that different concentrations of the fungus 4.2*110, ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Effect of heat stress on sex hormones, sex organ weight and relationships with sexual puberty in male rats

hiyam matty; Ashwaq Hassan

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 63-71

Abstract
  This study was designed to investigate the effect of chronic and acute heat stress on sex hormones level and their relationship to sexual puberty in male rats. Used 45 male pups in the age of weaning, were randomly divided for 3 groups each group included 15 pups of each sex. 1st group was a control ...  Read More

Animal Anatomy
Histological and morphometrical study of the effect of season on layers and glands of skin in local Awassi sheep (Ovis ovis)

ahmed nazar abdujawaad

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 73-79

Abstract
  The study aimed to investigate the effect of season on the skin and cutaneous glands in local Awassi breed of sheep (Ovis ovis). The study was done on five healthy adult rams of Awassi breed in winter and summer at five anatomical regions (armpit, back, scrotum, ventral surface of fatty tail and dorsal ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Propagation of Salmonella enterica serovar typhimurium in embryonated chicken egg

Ammar Al-AAlim; Sumaya Aldabbagh; Haiffa Hussen Alkazaly; Mozahim Al-Attar

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 81-86

Abstract
  The study included the injection of Salmonella enterica serovar typhimuriumisolated from starlings bird in embryonated chicken eggs. The eggs were divided into eight groups, each group contain 6 eggs. The G1 and G2 groups were injected with the sterile normal saline solution in the choriaollantoic membrane ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Study of the relationship between the production of milk and some of its components with the growth of lambs in two breeds of Iraqi sheep

S.F. Al-Dabbagh

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 87-95

Abstract
  A total of 1116 records Awassi ewes and 432 of Hamdania ewes were collected and which belong animals resource department, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry at the University of Mosul for the years 2008, 2009 and 2010 to study the effect of genetic and non-genetic factors in milk production and some ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Effect of diphenhydramine and phenobarbital in the concentration of glutathione and malondialdehyde and glucose in plasma and brain of chicks treated with pentylenetetrazol

Maab Fadel; Fouad K. Mohammad

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 97-104

Abstract
  The aim of this study was to develop convulsion by giving pentylenetetrazol and to observe the interaction of this drug with diphenhydramine and phenobarbital in chickens with an evaluation of the interaction of these drugs and their effect on the biochemical parameters. The chicks were divided into ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Effect of protected methionine and lysine supplementation to Awassi ewes ration at flushing period on productive performance

H.W. Kassim; O.D. Almallah; saeb Abdulrahman

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 105-109

Abstract
  This study was conducted on 32 of local Awassi ewes, average body weight 36.06±0.74 kg (aged 2-3 years, ewes were divided into two treatments. The first treatment (T1) the control contained 8 ewes fed on ration consist of barley, wheat bran, urea and wheat straw without supplement and the second ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
The serological diagnosis of canine Leishmaniasis by using ELISA in Nineveh province

Wasan Amjad Alobaidii

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 111-114

Abstract
  This study was to investigate the specific antibodies of Leishmania using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay to detect the specific antibodies of the Leishmania donovani complex (L.infatum, L.chagasi, L. donovani) in 80 dogs of both types (domestic and stray dogs) of different ages and both sexes in the ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Biochemical and histopathological study of thioredoxin reductase isolation from blood serum in normal and oxidative stress-exposed rats

A.A. Hamdon; L.A. Al-Helaly

Volume 33, Issue 2 , September 2019, Pages 115-124

Abstract
  The study included investigation of effects of the thioredoxin reductase isolated from serum of human on oxidative stress induced in rats, through histopathological examination of the heart and liver, and the measurement of the biochemical parameters, which included: thioredoxin reductase, creatine kinase, ...  Read More