Animal Physiology
Protective effect of aqueous extract of Alhagi maurorum in spermatogenesis and antioxidant status of adult rats exposed to carbon tetrachloride

Measer Abdullah Ahmed

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 1-7

Abstract
  This Study aimed to investigate the efficiency of aqueous extraction of Alhagi maurorum leaves against oxidative stress induced by Carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) on spermatogenesis and the level of glutathione, superoxide dismutase, malondialdehyde in adult rats. Plant Leaf's dried and then extracted. Experiment ...  Read More

Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Sequencing-based phylogenetic-study of Babesia spp detected in tick tissues in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq

Marwa Saleem Hajeel; Monyer Abdulameir Abd Alfatlawi

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 9-12

Abstract
  Our study purpose was to investigate the evolution of Babesia spp isolated from tissues of ticks that were found on 150 cows in Al-Diwaniyah province, Iraq. To fulfill the required purpose, sampling of 10 ticks was performed from each infested cow. These obtained ticks were morphologically recognized ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Renoprotection by Garcinia mangostana L. pericarp extract in streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice

Arif Nur Muhammad Ansori; Raden Joko Kuncoroningrat Kuncoroningrat Kuncoroningrat; Suhailah Hayaza; Dwi Winarni; Saikhu Akhmad Husen

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 13-19

Abstract
  The purpose of this study was to evaluate the renoprotective effect of the Garcinia mangostana L. pericarp extract (GMPE) on plasma creatinine and renal proximal tubules of streptozotocin-induced diabetic mice. This study used 36 male Balb/c strain mice. The samples were divided into 6 groups, namely ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Physiological and histological effects of broccoli on lead acetate Induced hepatotoxicity in young Male albino rats

Sulaf Mustafa Mohammed; Majida Noori Ibrahim; Mahmood Othman Ahmed

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 21-26

Abstract
  The aim of this study was to investigate the ameliorative effect of Broccoli against lead acetate (PbA) hepatotoxicity by some physiological and histological indicators. The results showed that intraperitoneal (I.P.) injection by 12 mg/kg body weight of lead acetate once a week for 8 weeks led to an ...  Read More

Fish Diseases
Effect of microalgae Spirulina spp. as food additive on some biological and blood parameters of common carp Cyprinus carpio L.

Nasreen Muhialddin Abdulrahman; Hawkar Jaafar Hama Ameen; Shamal Rasul Hama; Bakhan Rafiq Hassan; Pola Jalal Nader

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 27-31

Abstract
  This study was carried out to study the effect of adding different levels of the microalgae Spirulina spp. in fish laboratory of Animal Sciences Department, College of Agricultural Sciences of Sulaimani University, Sulaimani, Iraq. A total of 72 common carp fingerling weight 45±2 gm used to detect ...  Read More

Veterinary Theriogenology
Evaluation of performance rate, some hematological and biochemical parameters in Iranian Afshari breed fattened sheep fed diet containing Gundelia (Gundelia tournefortii L.)

S. Madreseh Ghahfarokhi; Amir Dehghani Samani

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 33-38

Abstract
  The effects of diets containing Gundelia (Gundelia tournefortii L.), which is a wild plant species in Middle East countries, on performance rate and health parameters of Iranian Afshari breed sheep were studied for the first time. Totally 60 fattened sheep in three groups were studied via receiving different ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Detection of the origin of animal species in kebab meat using mitochondrial DNA based -polymerase chain reaction (mtDNA-PCR)

Khulod Ibraheem Hassan; Bana Azad Mohamed Ali; Naska Abdulkadir Mohammed

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 39-43

Abstract
  Adulteration and incorrect labeling of meat products became a matter of great concerns of religious, economical, legal and medical aspects. Among meat products, kebab is considered one of the most favorable in Iraq, which makes it prone to adulteration. This study was carried out to evaluate the quality ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Prevalence and pathological evaluation of hepatic fatty change in cattle slaughtered at Urmia Abattoir, Northwest Iran

Amir Amniattalab; Behzad Ghalandarzadeh

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 45-50

Abstract
  Three hundred and sixteen bovine livers were inspected during slaughtering at Urmia Abattoir in May 2016. Eighty-nine inspected livers have various gross and microscopic lesions. 89 hepatic tissue samples were processed routinely and stained by Harris Hematoxylin and Eosin (H&E), Periodic Acid- Schiff ...  Read More

Infectious and Epidemic Animal Diseases
Phylogenetic analysis of ovine herpes virus-2 (OHV-2) in malignant catarrhal fever infected cattle in AL-Qadisiyah of Iraq

Yahia Khudhair; Hayder N. Aeyyz; Muthanna H. Hussain

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 51-58

Abstract
  Ovine herpesvirus-2 is a member of the gammaherpesviruses of the herpeseviridae, which is the etiologic agent of malignant catarrhal fever (MCF), a significant fatal disease of cattle. MCF disease was diagnosed in native Iraqi cattle of AL-Qadisiyah governorate of Iraq, during the period from April 2014 ...  Read More

Veterinary Theriogenology
Effect of season on embryo production in Iraqi local black goat

Abdulstar Majeed; Ihsaan H. Al-Timimi; Mudafer N. AL-Saigh

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 59-65

Abstract
  The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of season on embryo production in Iraqi local black goat. 599 female genital system of Iraqi local black goat were collected from AL-Fallujah abattoir, AL-Anbar province during the period from July 2010 to the 1st July 2011. The oocytes were collected ...  Read More

Veterinary Virology
Molecular diagnosis and genetic relationship of foot and mouth disease virus serotype Asia1/Basne/Sul/2015

Jeza Muhamad Abdul aziz; Salih Ahmed Hama; Hawre Kamel Faraj

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 67-73

Abstract
  Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) is the most economically important viral-induced livestock disease worldwide. From April to May of 2015, tongue epithelial tissue samples were collected from 36 cattle in six villages, which share the border with Iran. Samples were screened using RT-PCR to amplify a conserved ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
The genetic relationship for Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from human urinary tract and beef

Saba Falah Klaif; Hassan Naser; Jenan N. Sadeq

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 75-80

Abstract
  The present study aimed to describe the genetic relationships of zoonotic characterization of Klebsiella pneumoniae isolated from Human urinary tract and beef. The study includes (50) urine samples from human and (50) beef samples. The isolation and identification of Klebsiella pneumonia were done by ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Molecular characterization of enterohemorrhagic E. coli O157 and O153 isolated from tissue camel and human stool samples in Al-Diwaniyah, Iraq

Saba Falah Klaif; Zeena Foaad Saleh; Alaa abd alkadhem Jawad

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 81-86

Abstract
  The present study aimed to describe the genetic relationships of zoonotic characterization of Escherichia coli isolated from human and livestock camel clinical infection. The study includes collected (50) meat of camel and (50) stool human samples. These samples were foreword to traditional bacterial ...  Read More

Poultry Diseases
The effect of thyme (Thymus daenensis) supplement on growth and hygienic parameters of broilers meat

Majid Gholami Ahangaran; Niloofar Peimani; Asiye Ahmadi Dastgerdi

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 87-92

Abstract
  The antibacterial effect of Thyme species was relatively approved but the effect of this plant on bacterial population of intestine in chickens and consequently on bacterial load of chicken meat following administration of thyme was not investigated. For evaluation of thyme effect on growth indices, ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Effect of ground flaxseed on the carcass characteristics of Karadi male lambs

Chowman A. Omar; Awat N. Yousif; Muhammad K. Arif; Hemn G. Zahir

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 93-98

Abstract
  To investigate the effect of dietary supplementation of Ground Flaxseed (GF) on performance and carcass characteristics of Karadi male lambs. Flaxseed was used in feeding period that lasted for 90 days using twelve ram Karadi lambs, at 6 months old, which divided into 3 equal groups (4 rams/group). The ...  Read More

Animal Anatomy
Morphometrical and histochemical foundation of pancreas and ductal system in white-eared bulbul (Pycnonotus leucotis)

Salim Salih Ali Al-Khakani; Isam Mohammed Jaber Zabiba; Kadthem Al-zubaidi; Ekhlas Al-alwany

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 99-104

Abstract
  The present study was designed to find the macroscopic, microscopic and histocamical properties in pancreas of white-eared bulbul (Pycnonotus leucotis) and ductal system, ten healthy adult birds were transferred to the veterinary anatomy laboratory in Al-Qasim green university. Macroscopic study revealed ...  Read More

Poultry Diseases
The interference of Newcastle, avian influenza and infectious bursal disease vaccines with the efficiency of IB vaccine in broiler chicks by using quantitative RT-PCR test

Raed Hussen Saleh; Isam Mohammed Jaber

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 105-109

Abstract
  This study was conducted to investigate the effects the interference of ND, AI, IBD vaccines on efficacy of the IBV vaccination program (H120 and Ma5). Three hundred broiler chicks (Ross308) from Al-Haddi hatchery / Babel province were divided randomly into three equal groups, each group contain 100 ...  Read More

Reproduction Biotechnology
Role of spermatozoa in pH stability of caudal epididymis environment

Saleh W. Mahdi; Mahdi S. Al-Shamary; Zalzala S. Jaafir

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 111-116

Abstract
  50 ram testicles where been collected directly after slaughtering, preserved in cool box (8-10°C) and transferred to the andrological lab at the Veterinary Medicine Collage / University of Baghdad. Samples were washed thoroughly with distal water stripped from surrounding tissues. Epididymis were ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Major helminth parasites of Camelus dromedarius in afar pastoral area of Ethiopia

Angesom Hadush Desta

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 117-122

Abstract
  Camel internal parasites are among important camel health problems which are often affecting camel production and productivity. A cross-sectional study was carried out in camels to study the major helminth parasites in selected districts of Afar regional state of Ethiopia. Coprological examination and ...  Read More

Veterinary Virology
First phylogenetic characterization of Pseudocowpox virus from cattle in Al-Qadisiyah province/ Iraq

Salah Mahdi Karim; Khalefa Ali Mansour; Ali Hassan Janabi; Nawras K. M. Al-Nakeeb

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 123-126

Abstract
  This study was initiated for the first time for identification, using sequencing and phylogenetic analyses, of pseudocowpox PCPV that inhabit dairy cows in Al-Qadisiyah province, Iraq. Scab sampling was performed to obtain specimens from udder and teats of 18 affected cows. Initially, a polymerase chain ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Protective effect of Silymarin against kidney injury induced by carbon tetrachloride in male rats

Measer Abdullah Ahmed; Hussien Mohammad Tayawi; Mohammed Khalil Ibrahim

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 127-130

Abstract
  The herbal drugs have a protective effect for kidney function against chemical toxicity. 24 male rats divided into 4 groups and treated as following, control group administrated orally with 1ml/kg. B.W physiological solution (0.9%), One dose Carbon Tetrachloride (CCl4) 3 ml/kg. B.W, Silymarin 150 mg/kg. ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Broiler performance response to anise seed powder supplementation

Hemin Nuradden Mohammed

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 131-135

Abstract
  The present study was conducted to evaluate growth promoting effect of anise seed Pimpinella anisum L. in broiler chickens in terms of live body weight, carcass characteristics (traits), organ weights, production traits and mortality percentage. For this purpose, four levels with 0, 0.3, 0.6 and 0.9% ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Effects of red reishi mushroom (Ganoderma lucidum) on the reproductive system in female and male rats

Buthina Abdulhameed Abdullah; Maad Alfahad; Dakhell Hussein Hdree

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 137-141

Abstract
  The present study aimed to investigate the histological changes of Ganoderma lucidum (Red Reishi mushroom) on female and male reproductive system by using light microscope. Fifteen white rat weighing 200-250g was used in the experiments. The animals was divided mainly into three groups and these groups ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Protective effects of coenzyme Q10 against sodium fluoride-induced reproductive disorders in male rats

Sabreen M. Momammed Ali; Ahmed Jasim Nowfal; Bara Najim Abdillah

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 143-149

Abstract
  This study was conducted to investigate the possible protective role of (CoQ10) on reproductive dysfunction of male rats induced by sodium fluoride (NaF). thirty two rats were divided into four even groups and treated for 56 days as follows: the first group served as control (C) The second group (G1) ...  Read More

Veterinary Virology
Phylogenetic tree analysis study of bovine papillomaviruses type 1 based on L1 gene in Al-Qadisiyah governorate, Iraq

Khalefa Ali Mansour; Hassan Hachim Naser; Muthanna Hadi Hussain

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 151-155

Abstract
  Bovine fibropapilloma and papilloma occur in different parts of the skin of animals. Bovine Papillomavirus (BPV) is an oncogenic virus making benign tumor lesion of together mucosal and cutaneous tissue in cattle. In order to confirm the clinical diagnosis; the study planned to make the molecular detection ...  Read More

Veterinary Surgery
Characterization and In Vitro evaluation of a novel coated nanocomposite porous 3D scaffold for bone repair

Sahar Ibrahim; Saffanah Mahmood; Intan Shameha Binti Abdul Razak; Loqman Mohamed Yusof; Zaid Khudhur Mahmood; Fufa I. Gimba; Md Zuki Abu Bakar Zakaria

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 157-173

Abstract
  The aim of this study is to tissue engineer a 3D scaffold that can be used for load bearing segmental bone defects (SBDs) repair. Three different scaffolds were fabricated using cockle shell-derived CaCO3 aragonite nanoparticles (CCAN), gelatin, dextran and dextrin with coated framework via Freeze-Drying ...  Read More

Poultry Diseases
Effect of vitamin E and Selenium supplementation on productive and physiological performance of quail fed rations with high level of fat

Duread Younis

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 1-7

Abstract
  The aim of this study the effect of vitamin E, selenium or both of them /or selenium supplementation on productive and physiological traits of quail fed high fat diets. Three hundred unsexed one day old coturnix japonica quail chicks were used in this study. Chicks were reared in cages placed in semi-opened ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Effect of body weight of ewes and milk yield in productive performance of lambs, milk yield and components of Awassi sheep

Khalid Sultan; Mohammed Reyad Mohammed

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 9-16

Abstract
  In the current study, 32 Awassi ewes 2 -3 years aged were used with their lambs for 12 weeks, to evaluate the effect of Body Weight (BW) and Milk Yield (MY) on Body weight BW, Body Weight Gain (BWG), MY and milk components. After lambing, ewes were weighted directly, then at the 1st week of lambing, ...  Read More

Reproduction Biotechnology
Effect of vitamin E and selenium injection on semen quality and some blood parameters of Karadi rams

Mohannad Mahdi Hameed; Abdulnasir Alkhashab

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 17-24

Abstract
  The Objective of this study was to determine the effect of vitamin E and selenium (Se) injection on semen characteristics and physiological and biochemical parameters of Karadi rams. fifteen Karadi Rams with average body weight 63 kg and 3-4 years of age were used in this study. The animals were randomly ...  Read More

Veterinary Surgery
Different methods for laparoscopic castration in dogs

Tarek Mahmood Al-Ukidi; Muneer S. Al-Badrany

Volume 33, Issue 1 , April 2019, Pages 25-36

Abstract
  The aim of this study was to evaluate the different methods of performing a Laparoscopic castration in dogs and to determine the efficiency and disadvantages of each of these methods. The study was conducted on 20 locally healthy dogs aged between 10-20 months and weights between 17-33 kg. The animals ...  Read More