Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) based detection and economic impact of foot-and-mouth disease in District Faisalabad, Pakistan during the year 2015

W. Ali; M. Habib; R.S.A. Khan; M.A. Zia; I.U. Khan; U. Saliha; M. Farooq; M.S. Shah; H.M. Muzammil

Volume 31, Issue 1 , June 2017, Pages 1-6

Abstract
  The aim of this study was to evaluate the economic impact of the disease by using milk production records and to determine the serotypes circulating in the region during 2015. Sampling was done from different outbreaks initially on the basis of clinical signs and later reverse transcriptase-polymerase ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Microbiological quality of white local sheep cheese in Mosul city markets

M.H.A. AL-Hamdany; A.A. Hassan

Volume 31, Issue 1 , June 2017, Pages 1-6

Abstract
  The soft white cheese is considered one of the most popular locally manufactured cheese in Iraq, a kind of traditional cheese that is mainly produced from sheep milk. It usually becomes available in the markets of Mosul between the months of February and July. To investigate the microbiological quality, ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Comparative study of the effect of natural planting, hydroponic germination and barley sprout powder as prebiotic in common carp Cyprinus carpio L. blood indices

H.S. Abedalhammed; N.M. Abdulrahman; H.L. Sadik

Volume 31, Issue 1 , June 2017, Pages 7-11

Abstract
  This study was designed to investigate the effect of different ways of barley germination including natural, barley sprout powder and hydroponic planting in university of Sulaimani/ Faculty of Agricultural Sciences/ Fisheries lab. on some blood parameters of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. The study was ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Pathological study of liver lesions in cattle slaughtered at Kirkuk province abattoir

Saevan Saad Al-Mahmood; A.M. Farhan; Z.S. Daoud; O.S. Hamed

Volume 31, Issue 1 , June 2017, Pages 7-16

Abstract
  Current study aimed to identify the gross and microscopic lesions and their percentage in liver of cattle slaughtered in Kirkuk province abattoir. A total of 6211 liver sample were examined during period from 01/08/2016 until 01/12/2016 with total cattle liver that showed gross lesions 738 cases. A gross ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Comparative histopathological effects of aqueous, hexane extracts of Iraqi sweet almond (Prunus amygdalus) with atorvastatin for treating hyperlipidemia induced in mice

L.A. Kafi; N.TH.N. Al- Ezzi

Volume 31, Issue 1 , June 2017, Pages 13-21

Abstract
  This research was carried out to find out the treatment impact of aqueous and hexane extracts of sweet almond (Prunus amygdalus) on some histopathological indicators of heart, aorta and liver related to hyperlipidemia that induced in mice and compare them with Atorvastatin. Sweet almond was dried and ...  Read More

Poultry Diseases
Pathological Study of Acute Oral Toxicity Induced by Plasticizer Di (2- ethyl hexyl) Phthalate in Japanese Common Quails Coturnix coturnix japanies

Saevan Saad Al-Mahmood; S.M. Al-Abady

Volume 31, Issue 1 , June 2017, Pages 17-24

Abstract
  The current study aimed to identified the pathological changes of oral toxicity induced by Di (2-ethyl hexyl) phthalate (DEHP) in Japanese common quail. To a chief this aim a pilot study conducted to determine the median lethal dose (LD50) of DEHP. Forty male quails one day old were divided randomly ...  Read More

Veterinary Internal Medicine
Possibilities of urolithiasis crystallodiagnostics

A.K. Martusevich; L.M. Kozlova

Volume 31, Issue 1 , June 2017, Pages 23-27

Abstract
  Nowadays, one of the most common groups of diseases in veterinary medicine is the urinary system pathology. Urolithiasis is widespread disease, could be found in many species, including cats, dogs, rabbits, guinea-pigs, turtles etc. Despite the large scale of this pathology in animal world, there are ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Pharmacokinetics of paracetamol in chicks treated with metronidazole

S.M. Hussain

Volume 31, Issue 1 , June 2017, Pages 25-29

Abstract
  Effect of metronidazole on the pharmacokinetics of paracetamol were examined in chicks. Chicks were dosed orally with metronidazole at 350 mgkg of body weight daily (10 -13 days of age). On the last day of metronidazole dosing, chicks injected intraperitoneally with paracetamol at of 50 mgkg of body ...  Read More

Poultry Diseases
Potency of mycotoxin binders on MDA level, expressions of caspase 9 and caspase 3 in the uterus of mice exposed to zearalenone

A. Samik; E. Safitri

Volume 31, Issue 1 , June 2017, Pages 29-33

Abstract
  This study examined effect of mycotoxin binder administered to female mice exposed to zearalenon on apoptosis incidence by observe at MDA, Caspase 9 and 3 levels in mice uterus. Negative control group (K-) was not exposed to zearalenon and without the administration of mycotoxin binders, positive control ...  Read More

Poultry Diseases
Isolation and identification of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli from broiler in Erbil, Iraq

M.N. Al-Sharook; A.A. Hassan

Volume 31, Issue 1 , June 2017, Pages 31-38

Abstract
  Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli isolated from slaughtered broilers in retail market that sell live chickens in Erbil city, Iraq. Forty-one cloacal fecal samples from broiler caecum were investigated from January to April 2016. ESBLs strains were isolated using MacConkey agar ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Characterizing physiological status in three breeds of bulls reared under ecological and climate conditions of the Altai region

L.V. Osadchuk; M.A. Kleschev; O.I. Sebezhko; O.S. Korotkevich; N.I. Shishin; T.V. Konovalova; K.N. Narozhnykh; V.L. Petukhov

Volume 31, Issue 1 , June 2017, Pages 35-42

Abstract
  Ecological and climatic factors have an impact on the health, productivity and reproduction of the cattle. The goal of this work is the study of physiological status of servicing bulls reared under ecological and climate conditions of the Altai region, by defining the differences between Red-Steppe, ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Survey study: The antibacterial drugs used for treatment of the animals in the teaching veterinary hospital in Kirkuk province

Y.J. Mousa; E.R. Mohammad; S.S. Ramadhan; M.M. Hadi

Volume 31, Issue 1 , June 2017, Pages 39-44

Abstract
  The aim of this survey is to collect data relating to antibacterial drugs used to treat different animals in the veterinary teaching hospital in the province of Kirkuk, which is taking place for the first time at the province level for the purpose of knowing the types of drugs most commonly used and ...  Read More

Animal Immunology and Vaccination
Synthetic immunostimulatory glycans interference with host cell apoptosis upon of Toxoplasma gondii infection, in vitro

S.H. Eassa

Volume 31, Issue 1 , June 2017, Pages 43-49

Abstract
  Toxoplasmosis is a protozoan infection of humans and animals caused by Toxoplasma gondii, and it’s continuous public health and food safety issue. The tachyzoites (Tg) of T. gondii are the most important stage, as they come in direct contact with immune cells such as a macrophage. Tg can modulate ...  Read More

Veterinary Theriogenology
Semen evaluation in local dogs during different season in Baghdad

N.S. Ibrahim; N.W. Zaid

Volume 31, Issue 1 , June 2017, Pages 45-50

Abstract
  The recent study was designed to estimate the effect of season on dogs' semen parameters in mature and pubertal males, before and after hormonal adding and precede the sperms viability after collection. Twenty local dogs were divided into two equal groups the first one aged between 2-3 years which represent ...  Read More

Veterinary Virology
Molecular identification of peste des petits ruminants virus in wild goat and domestic small ruminants by real-time -PCR technique in Erbil-Iraq

E.P. Candlan; F.P. Khoran; L. Hana

Volume 31, Issue 1 , June 2017, Pages 51-54

Abstract
  In July 2010 outbreak was occurred in wild goat in Barzan, Sherwin mizzen and Mergasur in Kurdistan Region- Iraq. There were over 2700 deaths (both young and adult) during the period of July 2010 to October 2011. Based on the clinical signs and post-mortem findings, the involvement of peste des petits ...  Read More

Reproduction Biotechnology
Assessment of different methods of bovine oocytes collection, maturation and Invitro fertilization of abattoir specimens

W.M. Saleh

Volume 31, Issue 1 , June 2017, Pages 55-65

Abstract
  The aim of this study is designed to evaluate the best methods for cow oocytes collection from abattoir specimens which is the cheapest, easily obtained and bulky number. Forty five fresh cow genitalia specimens and testicle were collected directly after slaughter from Al-Shoáalla abattoir north-west ...  Read More