Effect of aqueous extract of Capparis spinosa on biochemical and histological changes in paracetamol–induced liver damage in rats

H. I. A. Al-khan; R. J. M. Alnuaimy

Volume 26, Issue 1 , June 2012, Pages 1-10

Abstract
  This study showed that paracetamol administration to male rats at 1 g /kg of body weight for 21 days resulted in significant increase in activities of serum alanine amino transferase and aspartate amino transferase. There was an increase in the total bilirubin and creatinine levels. Paracetamol caused ...  Read More

Serum glucose concentration and lipid profile in racing horses

S. A. Hasso; H. A. Al-Hadithy; R. M. Hameed

Volume 26, Issue 1 , June 2012, Pages 1-3

Abstract
  The aim of the present work was to evaluate serum glucose concentration and lipid profile in racing horses in Iraq. Blood samples were collected from the jugular vein of 92 clinically healthy racing horses (males and females, Arabian and Cross bred), 2-8 years old at Equestrian Club, Baghdad. Investigations ...  Read More

Effect of aflatoxin on malondialdehyde, glutathione levels, and stress index in Toxoplasma gondii infected mice

A. F. M. Al-Taee; A. A. Hassan

Volume 26, Issue 1 , June 2012, Pages 5-9

Abstract
  This study was conducted for the determination of the combined effect of aflatoxin and Toxoplasma gondii on malondialdehyde, glutathione levels, and stress index in sixty young inbred Swiss female albino mice BALB/C, which were randomly divided into six equal groups; Group 1(untreated control) animals ...  Read More

Bovine mastitis caused by gram negative bacteria in Mosul

S. Y. A. Al-Dabbagh

Volume 26, Issue 1 , June 2012, Pages 11-16

Abstract
  A total of 90 milk samples were collected from cows with clinical and subclinical mastitis from different areas in Mosul city, in a period from October 2009 to June 2010, for the detection of gram negative bacteriological causative agents. The bacteria were identified using morphological, cultural and ...  Read More

Relationship between mycotoxicosis and calcium during preproduction period in layers

T. S. Qubih

Volume 26, Issue 1 , June 2012, Pages 11-14

Abstract
  This study was conducted to examine field cases of mycotoxicosis (A flatoxicosis and ochratoxicosis) and their effects on calcium during the preproduction period of 1SA brown pullets. Birds were 12-15 weeks of age. The feed was subjected to analysis for mycotoxin and blood samples were laboratory diagnosed ...  Read More

Antioxidant status in pregnant ewes vaccinated with Rev 1 against brucellosis

W. S. Al- Khafaji; M. I. Al-Farwachi

Volume 26, Issue 1 , June 2012, Pages 15-19

Abstract
  The aim of this study was to examine the changes in the indicators of free radicals and antioxidant activity, represented by malondialdehyde and glutathione peroxidase in the sera of ewes vaccinated with Rev 1 vaccine. The experiment included 28 animals which were divided into four equal groups. Animals ...  Read More

Prevalence of Giardia spp. in ducks and geese in Nenevah governorate

N. H. Mohammad

Volume 26, Issue 1 , June 2012, Pages 17-21

Abstract
  This study include the examination of 235 fecal samples 125 from domesticated ducks and 110 from domesticated geese from different localities in Nenevah governorate through the period from September 2009 to March, 2010 the Samples were stained by iodine stain and Giemsa stain and flotation method. The ...  Read More

Incidence of hydatidosis in slaughtered livestock at Mosul, Iraq

M.T. Jarjees; H.S. Al-Bakri

Volume 26, Issue 1 , June 2012, Pages 21-25

Abstract
  A study on the occurrence and seasonal incidence of hydatid cysts of sheep, goats and cattle was carried out during 2008 and 2009 by weekly regular visits to Mosul abattoir and other areas i.e. outside abattoir. All slaughtered livestock were of local breed, of both sexes, originated from various areas ...  Read More

Clinical and therapeutic study of gastrointestinal parasites in fedlot calves

Kh. J. Hussain; S. A. Esmaeel; Q. T. Al-Obaidy; M. A. Abdulhameed

Volume 26, Issue 1 , June 2012, Pages 23-27

Abstract
  The study was conducted on 10 herds included 811 local fedlot calves (1 to 2 years old) in Goggeli region, 86 calves were affected with gastrointestinal parasites. Total infestation rate was (60.99%). The study showed that Calves were infested with various species of nematodes and cestodes representing,The ...  Read More

Evaluation of foaling heat in Arabian mares in Ninevah province

M. A. Rahawy

Volume 26, Issue 1 , June 2012, Pages 29-32

Abstract
  The present study was conducted to study the relationship between breeding season of Arabian mares at first estrous after foaling and pregnancy rate. Thirty six mares were divided in to two groups according to foaling heat in breeding season, transitional periods. Animals included in this study were ...  Read More

Isolation of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria from suspected enterotoxaemia cases in lambs

N. S. Mechael

Volume 26, Issue 1 , June 2012, Pages 29-32

Abstract
  Ninety cases of clinically diagnosed enterotoxemia infection in lambs at AL-Hamdaniya region where studied for isolation of aerobic and anaerobic bacterial causes, faecal samples were collected from all suspected cases during January- June 2008, the results show that 41.6% of the isolates were Cl. perfringens ...  Read More

Effect of pretreatment female lactating rats with albendazole on preventing developmental and neurobehavioral toxicity of enrofloxacin in suckling pups

M. K. Shindala; A. M. AL-Jobory

Volume 26, Issue 1 , June 2012, Pages 33-39

Abstract
  The aim of the present study was to evaluated the effect of treated female lactating rats with enrofloxacin alone and its interaction with albendazole on the occurrence of developmental and neurobehavioral toxicity in suckling pups by using percentage of survival of pups to weaning as well as neurobehavioral ...  Read More

Trypanocidal efficacy of diminazene in diabetic rats

U. S. Chigozie; A. B. Maduka; J. G. Ifeanyi

Volume 26, Issue 1 , June 2012, Pages 33-38

Abstract
  The experiment was conducted to investigate the impact of hyperglycaemia on the trypanocidal efficacy of diminazene aceturate. Groups of alloxan-induced diabetic rats infected with T. brucei and T. congolense were treated with diminazene aceturate, and trypanocidal effects compared with normal non-diabetic ...  Read More

Use of Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay for detection of aflatoxin M1 in milk powder

S. D. Al-Sawaf; O. A. Abdullah; O. H. Sheet

Volume 26, Issue 1 , June 2012, Pages 39-42

Abstract
  Thirty five samples were collected from seven types of milk powder in Mosul city markets, and surveyed for the presence of aflatoxin M1 (AFM1), by using Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) technique. Analytical results showed that 82.8% of the samples were contaminated with AFM1. The incidence ...  Read More

Detection of oocysts of Cryptosporidium spp in gall bladder of sheep slaughtered in Mosul, Iraq

E. G. Suleiman; E. T. Butty; A. A. AL-Abadi

Volume 26, Issue 1 , June 2012, Pages 41-44

Abstract
  The current study revealed the presence of oocysts of Cryptosporidium in the fluid and tissue of gall bladder of sheep which is slaughtered in Mosul city by using different diagnostic techniques, including direct smear method, staining method by modified Zeil-Nelseen stain, scraping of mucosal layer ...  Read More

Detection of streptomycin residues in local meat of bovine and ovine

O. A. Abdullah; A. M. Shareef; O. H. Sheet

Volume 26, Issue 1 , June 2012, Pages 43-46

Abstract
  From meat retails in Mosul province, forty-five meat samples of local ovine and bovine (23 bovine samples and 22 ovine samples) were collected. The period of collection was during November 2010 to May 2011, by means of multistage random sampling for detection of streptomycin residues. Enzyme linked immunosorbent ...  Read More

A Study of Eimeria Species in Sheep in Mosul City

M. H. Hasan; H. M. Abed

Volume 26, Issue 1 , June 2012, Pages 45-53

Abstract
  The study was conducted to diagnose and study species of Eimeria in sheep in Mosul city from beginning of September 2009 to end May 2010, as well as to determine the percentage and intensity of infection of Eimeria species. Five hundred fecal samples of sheep with different ages were collected from ...  Read More

Occurrence of Listeria monocytogens in raw milk of ruminants

B. A. Abbas; G. M. Jaber

Volume 26, Issue 1 , June 2012, Pages 47-51

Abstract
  The present study was performed on three hundred raw milk samples, 100 each from cows, sheep and buffaloes were collected from different places of Basrah city. 7.3 % of the samples were found to be positive for Listeria spp. Cow's milk was found to be more infected than other animals milk with this bacteria. ...  Read More