Detection of Cryptosporidium and Giardia doudenalis in equines in Nineveh, Iraq

E. T. Butty

Volume 25, Issue 2 , December 2011, Pages 43-46

Abstract
  A total of 107 fecal samples of equines from different regions in Nineveh, were colleted from January 2007 till December 2007 and examined for Cryptosporidium sp., and Giardia doudenalis by using different methods (wet mount, flotation, lugol's iodine, modified Ziehl Nelsecn (hot) and Giemsa stain Just ...  Read More

Effect of nitrate poisoning on some biochemical parameters in rats

J. S. Hassan; M. B. Mahmood; O. H. Azeez

Volume 25, Issue 2 , December 2011, Pages 47-50

Abstract
  The present study was conducted to investigate the toxicity of potassium nitrate on glucose, cholesterol, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and the possible ameliorative effect of ascorbic acid (Vitamin C). Male Wister rats are used as experimental model divided into three ...  Read More

Vaginal cytology, vaginoscopy and progesterone profile: breeding tools in bitches

K. S. Rao; K. G. S. Raju; K. C. S. Reddy

Volume 25, Issue 2 , December 2011, Pages 51-54

Abstract
  The exfoliative vaginal cytology, vaginoscopic examination of vaginal mucosa and progesterone profiles were recorded in an attempt to identify the ideal time of breeding in bitches. A total of 18 anestrus bitches were selected and divided into 03 groups (Control, CABG and eCG groups). The bitches in ...  Read More

Electron microscopic study of ileum of mice infected experimentally with Salmonella hadar

M. M. N. AL-Naqeeb; A. A. Yousif

Volume 25, Issue 2 , December 2011, Pages 55-60

Abstract
  Recently, Salmonella hadar has been isolated and identified from goat in Iraq. The purpose of the present study was to examine ultrastructural changes in the ileum epithelial cells of BALB/c mice experimentally infected with S. hadar. Mice were used as follows: Group A: 20 mice inoculated orally with ...  Read More

Effect of laser treatment on thyroid gland hormones in female rabbits

I. F. R. Mohammed; T. S. Al- Azawi; N. S. AL-Mustawfi

Volume 25, Issue 2 , December 2011, Pages 61-64

Abstract
  This study was designed to investigate the effect of laser treatment on thyroid functions and hormones in female rabbits. A total of 18 female rabbits were used in this investigation. Six rabbits were used for examining the thyroid gland location and dissected to be sure that laser therapy will be directed ...  Read More

Effect of omentum graft on esophageal anastomosis in dogs

A. K. Mahdi

Volume 25, Issue 2 , December 2011, Pages 65-70

Abstract
  This aim of this study was to evaluate the complications and final function outcome of wrapping nonvascularized omentum graft around the suture line of esophageal anastomosis. Twelve adult local breed dogs were used in this study. The animals were divided into two equal groups (control and treated), ...  Read More

Treatment of hyper-granulated limb wounds in horses

M. J. Eesa; O. A. Bader

Volume 25, Issue 2 , December 2011, Pages 71-80

Abstract
  This study was performed to investigate the different methods of treating hyper granulation tissue on experimentally induced wounds in equine limbs. Wounds were induced by removal of a skin patch and subcutaneous tissue for about 5-7 cm width and 6-8 cm in length from the dorsal and lateral aspect of ...  Read More

The effect of propolis feed supplementation on hygiene and performance of broiler chickens

T. A. Abdulla; M. G. Hassan

Volume 25, Issue 2 , December 2011, Pages 77-82

Abstract
  Propolis is a natural substance produced by worker bees from trees and leaf buds. The study aimed to evaluate the effect of two concentrations (200, 400 mg/kg diet) of propolis on some performance traits and hygienic parameters of broiler chickens body weight, feed conversion, feed consumption, during ...  Read More

Effect of lysate of Sarcocystis gigantea in rats

A. F. Al-Taei; E. R. Kennany; N. S. Al-Hyali

Volume 25, Issue 2 , December 2011, Pages 81-85

Abstract
  This study was conducted to examine the effect of lysate isolated from macrosarcocysts of Sarcocystis gigantea after inoculation into albino rats to follow up the pathological effect on heart, lung and skeletal muscle fibers. The results showed the presence of pathological changes, represented by hyperatrophy, ...  Read More

Diagnosis of some pathological causes of respiratory infections in broilers in Al-Hamdaniya

M. Y. Al-Attar; N. S. Mekhael; B. I. AL-Taii; S. Y. AL-Barrodi

Volume 25, Issue 2 , December 2011, Pages 83-86

Abstract
  Pathological causes of respiratory infections in five broilers flocks in Al-Hamdanyia region were studied. Each flock consisted of 5000-7000 birds at 20-40 days of old which suffered from respiratory infection signs with high mortality ratio. Specific ELISA kit for avian influenza virus (AIV), Newcastle ...  Read More

Using Nigella sativa meal as a substitute source for vegetable protein in rations of native growing calves

N. Y. Abou; N. M. Abdullah; A. K. Nasser

Volume 25, Issue 2 , December 2011, Pages 87-92

Abstract
  The present study was carried out on 15 growing local bull calves of about 150-200 kg, live body weight and 10-12 months old to investigate the effect of substituting soyabean meal as concentrate feed mixture protein by Nigella sativa meal (NSM) at 0 , 60 and 100%. Animals were divided into 3 groups ...  Read More

Fate of macrosarcocyst of Sarcocystis gigantea in sheep

L.Y. Khalil; E. R. Kennany; N. S. Al-Hyali

Volume 25, Issue 2 , December 2011, Pages 87-91

Abstract
  This study was conducted to detect the fate of macrosarcocysts of Sarcocystis gigantea in the tongue and eosophagus of naturally infected sheep, via collection of 25 samples, 10 of which showed calcification. The results showed presence of white different size grains on the wall of the pale eosophagus, ...  Read More

Isolation and identification of bacteria causing arthritis in chickens

B. Y. Rasheed

Volume 25, Issue 2 , December 2011, Pages 93-95

Abstract
  Sixty chickens 30-55 days old with arthritis symptoms, were collected from different broiler chickens farms, all samples were examined clinically, post mortem and bacterial isolation were done. The results revealed isolation of 26 (50.98%) of Staphylococcus aureus, which were found highly sensitive to ...  Read More

Misoprostol treatment of dystocia due to incomplete dilatation of the cervix in a cow: a case report

Osama I. Azawi; Uoday T. Naoman; Zyaad M. Al-Kass; Eman H. Lazim; Naser G. Fathi

Volume 25, Issue 2 , December 2011, Pages 97-98

Abstract
  This report describe a dystocia due to partial dilatation of cervix in a cow and treatment of this case for first time by misoprostol.  Read More

Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in native donkeys in Mosul

Kh. J. Hussain

Volume 25, Issue 2 , December 2011, Pages 111-115

Abstract
  The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in native donkeys in Mousl, Iraq. Fifty two sera (9 males and 43 females) were examined by Latex agglutination test, Modified latex agglutination test with 2- mercaptoethanol test and Indirect ELISA test (Indirect IgG ELISA). The ...  Read More