Prevalence and Some Risk Factors with Therapeutic Trial of Sheep Dermatophytosis in Egypt
Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences,
Dermatophytosis is a fungal disease that affects superficial skin layers and hair of farm animals with worldwide distribution including Egypt with great public health concern and devasting economic losses in form of skin and hide damage and long course of treatment in spite of self-limiting nature of the disease in addition to loss of body weight. This study was undertaken to determine the most prevalent species of dermatophyte in sheep, identification of incriminated species both microscopic and culture methods with assessment of animal and environmental risk factors moreover, evaluated the effectiveness of three antifungal compounds (Ticonazole cream and clotrimazole spray and fluconazole capsule), on twenty-four naturally infected sheep were employed. Out of one hundred and three examined sheep with clinically suggestive lesion from Sharkia and Dakahalia Governorates during 2018 to 2019, 47.6% was proved to be positive of dermatophyte infection either by clinical signs, microscopic or culture or both with great infection rate was registerated in male, young age ˂ 6 months and in winter season. Three antifungal medications were used for 1st time in treatment of ovine dermatophytosis and were successes to subside of skin lesion with hair growth and return to normal clinical picture with 100% curative rate with preferable and easily applicable of topical ones especially ticonazole cream was highly curative in short time with easily applicable and good alternative to usual antifungal medication in sheep. Consequently, minimize the role of animal source in spread of infection and may allow adaption of efficient control measures.
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