Clinical , Serological and Antigenic study of Feline panleukopenia virus in cats in Baghdad / Iraq .
Abstract(FPL) is a common contagious disease with high morbidity and mortality rates . This study was performed in the Baghdad capital city of Iraq from January 2018 -to- February 2019.
Fecal and blood samples were collected from both diarrheic and non diarrheic 180 cats , of both sexes . Hundred pet and eighty stray cats was divided into 2 groups according to their ages : > 1-year and < 1-year . Fecal sample were checked for presence of FPL virus antigens by rapid antigen test kit ( immuno chromato graphy assay) and blood samples were tested for presence of FPL virus specific antibodies by ( ELISA ) test as well as the study of blood parameters of cats.
Forty cats ( 22.2 % ) were infected with FPL virus by ICG assay , while a high percentage of total seropostive rate 65 ( 36.1% ) was founded by ELISA test . Significant (P ≤ 0.05) higher infection ( 27.5 % ) and seropostive ( 36.7% ) rates were observed in cats less than one year age . Clinically the infected cats showed multi-systemic signs and the vomiting was the more frequent sign ( 87.5 % ), hematological changes showed significant (P ≤ 0.05) decrease in heamogram values and prolonged clotting time , the total leukocytic count was lowered in infected cats and this owing to significant (P ≤ 0.05) decrease in absolute numbers of lymphocytes and neutrophils .
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