Effect of supplementation of encapsulated organic acid and essential oil Gallant+® on some physiological parameters of Japanese quails
Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences,
2020, Volume 34, Issue 1, Pages 181-188
AbstractThe current study was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary supplements of organic acid and essential oil Gallant+® on the growth hormone, glutathione, performance of growth, some biochemical parameters and intestinal histomorphology in quails. Japanese quails one-day-old (n=120) were distributed randomly into four groups included 10 / 3 replicates for each group. The G1, was control group that was fed on a basal diet. Quails of G2, G3, and G4 were fed on a supplemented diet Gallant+® 300, 600 and 900g/ton,respectively. Administration of Gallant+® 600 g/ton and 900g/ton to quail led to significant decrease in triglyceride while supplementation with 600 g/ton caused decrease in cholesterol. On the other hand, 300 g/ton caused an increase in final body weight and total weight through the duration of the experiment, as well as a decrease in total feed consumption and the best feed conversion ratio in all supplementation with 300 g/ton caused a significant growth hormone elevation. All feed additives didn't affect the level of glutathione. The addition of Gallant+® additive groups. Interestingly, the addition of different doses of Gallant+® to the diet increased villus length and width, crypt depth, villus / crypt ratio, percentage of goblet cell, apparent surface area, and intestinal epithelium thickness compared to the control group. It was concluded that dietary supplementation with different doses of Gallant+® improved growth hormone, growth performance and intestinal histomorphology in Japanese quails, and dietary supplementation with organic acid and essential oil as alternatives to the growth promoter of antibiotics.
- Genchev A, Mihaylova G, Ribarski S, Pavlov A, Kabakchie M. Meat quality and composition in Japanese quails.Trakia J Sci. 2008; 6(4):72-82.
- Minvielle F. The future of Japanese quail for research and production. World's Poult Sci J. 2004; 60(4):500-507. doi: 10.1079/WPS200433
- Hashemi SR, Davoodi H. Herbal plants and their derivatives as growth and health promoters in animal nutrition. Vet Res Commun. 2011; 35(3):169-180.
- Yilmaz A, Javed O, Shah M. Object tracking: A survey. Am Com Sur. 2006; 38(4):13. doi: 10.1145/1177352.1177355.
- Ipu MA, Akhtar MS, Anjumi MI, Raja ML. Effects of dietary coriander seed on blood and cholesterol level in broiler. Pakistan Vet J. 2006; 26:144-148.
- Kaya MG, Ozkan M, Gunebakmaz O, Akkaya H, Kaya EG, Akpek M, Berk V. Protective effects of nebivolol against anthracycline-induced cardiomyopathy: a randomized control study. Inter J Cardiol. 2013; 167(5):2306-2310. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2012.06.023
- Nazzaro F, Fratianni F, De Martino L, Coppola R, De Feo V. Effect of essential oils on pathogenic bacteria. Pharmaceut. 2013; 6(12):1451-1474. doi: 10.3390/ph6121451
- Ahmad AA, Männer K, Wendler KR, Neumann K, Zentek J. Effects of a phytogenic feed additive on growth performance and ileal nutrient digestibility in broiler chickens. Poult Sci. 2011;90(12):2811-2816. doi: 10.3382/ps.2011-01515
- Botsoglou N, Florou-Paneri P, Botsoglou E, Dotas V, Giannenas I, Koidis A, Mitrakos P. The effect of feeding rosemary, oregano, saffron and α-tocopheryl acetate on hen performance and oxidative stability of eggs. South African J Anim Sci. 2005; 35(3):143-151. doi: 10.4314/sajas.v35i3.4053
- Dibner JJ, Buttin P. Use of organic acids as a model to study the impact of gut micro flora on nutrition and metabolism. J Appl Poult Res. 2002; 11(4):453-463. doi: 10.1093/japr/11.4.453
- National Research Council. Nutrient requirements of beef cattle. 1996; 7:242.
- Burtis CA, Ashwood ER. Tietz textbook of clinical chemistry. 3rd ed. USA: WB Saunders; 1999. 589p.
- Solis F, Farnell MB, Tellez G, Balog JM, Anthony NB, Torres-Rodriguez A, Donoghue AM. Effect of prebiotic on gut development and ascites incidence of broilers reared in a hypoxic environment. Poult Sci. 2005; 84(7):1092-1100. doi: 10.1093/ps/84.7.1092
- Al-Bajari S, Al- Akash M, Ismail HK. Experimental detection of antioxidant and atherogenic effects of grapes seeds extracts in rabbits. Iraqi J Vet Sci. 2019; 33(2): 243-249. doi: 10.33899/ijvs.2019.162881
- Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dickey DA. Principles and procedures of statistics: A biometrical approach. 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co; 1997. 350-386.p.
- Al-Mashhadani EH, Farah K, Al-Jaff Y. Effect of anise, thyme essential oils and their mixture (EOM) on broiler performance and some physiological traits. Egyptian Poult Sci. 2011; 31(2):481-509.
- El-Shenway AM, Ali GI. Effect of some organic acids and essential oils as feed additives on growth performance, immune response and carcass quality of Japanese quail. Alexandria J Vet Sci. 2016;51(1):68-77
- Crowell PL. Prevention and therapy of cancer by dietary monoterpenes. J Nutrition. 1999; 129(3):775S-778S. doi: 10.1093/jn/129.3.775S
- Lee KW, Everts H, Beynen AC. Essential oils in broiler nutrition. Inter J Poult Sci. 2004; 3:738-752.
- Abdel-Latif SA. Effect of feeding dietary thyme, black cumin, dianthus and fennel on productive and some metabolic response of growing Japanese quail. Egyptian Poult Sci. 2002; 22:109-125.
- Teshfam M, Vahdatpour T, Nazeradl K, Ahmadiasl N. Effects of feed additives on growth-related hormones and performance of Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). J Anim Vet Adv. 2011; 10(7):821-827. doi: 10.3923/javaa.2011.821.827
- Hossein N, Tohid V, Daryoush Seyed M. Sina V. Effects of functional feed additives on growth influenced hormones and performance of Japanese quails (Coturnix japonica). Greener J Biol Sci. 2012; 4(2):039-044.
- Farag RS, Badei AZMA, Hewedi FM, El-Baroty GSA. Antioxidant activity of some spice essential oils on linoleic acid oxidation in aqueous media. J Am Oil Chem Society. 1989; 66:792-99. doi: 10.1007/BF02653670
- Gopi M, Karthik K, Manjunathachar HV, Tamilmahan P, Kesavan M, Dashprakash M, Purushothaman MR. Essential oils as a feed additive in poultry nutrition. Adv Anim Vet Sci. 2014; 2(1):1-7.
- Hassan AA, Asem RA, Al-Chalabi AS. Assessment the level of some heavy metal in vital body fluids and blood parameters in lactating Awassi ewes. Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences. 2019; 33(2):297-301.
- Soltan MA. Effect of dietary organic acid supplementation on egg production, egg quality and some blood serum parameters in laying hens. Int J Poult Sci. 2008; 7(6):613-621.
- Khan RU, Chand N, Akbar A. Effect of organic acids on the performance of Japanese quails. Pakistan J Zool. 2016;48(6):1799-1803
- Milbradt EL, Okamoto AS, Rodrigues JC, Garcia EA, Sanfelice C, Centenaro LP, Filho RA. Use of organic acids and competitive exclusion product as an alternative to antibiotic as a growth promoter in the raising of commercial turkeys. Poult Sci. 2014; 93(7):1855-1861. doi: 10.3382/ps.2013-03593
- Sultan A, Ullah T, Khan S, Khan RU. Effect of organic acid supplementation on the performance and ileal microflora of broiler during finishing period. Pakistan J Zool. 2015; 47(3):635-639.
- Gartner LP, Hiatt JL. Circulatory system: Color textbook of histology. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 2001. 251-272 p.
- Khaksar VA, Golianand A, Raji A. Effect of feed additives on intestinal histomorphology of broilers fed wheat-based diet. Iranian J Appl Anim Sci. 2013; 3(4):725-731.
- Reisinger N, Steiner T, Nitsch S, Schatzmayr G, Applegate TJ. Effect of a bend of essential oils on broiler performance and intestinal morphology during coccidial vaccine exposure. Revue Med Vet. 2010; 161(10):463-438.
- Sklan D. Early gut development. The interaction between feed, gut health and immunity, interfacing immunity, gut health and performance. UK: Nottingham University Press; 2002. 1-89 p.
- He X, Hao D, Liu C, Zhang X, Xu D, Xu X, Wu R. Effect of supplemental oregano essential oils in diets on production performance and relatively intestinal parameters of laying hens. Am J Mol Biol. 2017; 7:73-85. doi: 10.4236/ajmb.2017.71006.
- Jamroz D, Wiliczkiewicz A, Wertelecki T, Orda J, Skorupińska J. Use of active substances of plant origin in chicken diets based on maize and locally grown cereals. British Poult Sci. 2005; 46:485-493. doi: 10.1080/00071660500191056.
- Hashemipour H, Kermanshahi H, Golian A, Veldkamp T. Effect of thymol and carvacrol feed supplementation on performance, antioxidant enzyme activities, fatty acid composition, digestive enzyme activities, and immune response in broiler chickens. Poult Sci. 2013; 92:2059-2069. doi: 10.3382/ps.2012-02685.
- .Kum S, Eren U, Onol AG, Sandikci M. Effects of dietary organic acid supplementation on the intestinal mucosa in broilers. Revue Med Vet. 2010; 161(10):463-438.
- Świątkiewicz S, Koreleski J, Arczewska A. Laying performance and eggshell quality in laying hens fed diets supplemented with prebiotics and organic acids. Czech J Anim Sci. 2010; 55(7):294-306.
- Schwarz K, Ernst H, Ternes W. Evaluation of antioxidative constituents from thyme. J Sci Food Agri. 1996; 70:217-223. doi: 10.1002/1097-0010.
- Dragomir E, Manduteanu I, Voinea M, Costache G, Manea A, Simionescu M. Aspirin rectifies calcium homeostasis, decreases reactive oxygen species, and increases NO production in high glucose-exposed human endothelial cells. J Diab Comp. 2004; 18(5):289-99. doi: 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2004.03.003.
- Connolly PB, Callard, IP. Steroids modulated the release of luteinizing hormone from quail pituitary cells. Gen Comp Endocrinol. 1987; 68:466-472. doi: 10.1016/0016-6480(87)90086-4.
- Abou El-Soud SB, Ebeid TA, Eid YZ. Physiological and antioxidative effects of dietary acetyl salicylic acid in laying Japans quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) under high ambient temperature. J Poult Sci. 2006; 43:255-265.
- Article View: 315
- PDF Download: 367