These article have been accepted to be published in IJVS
Veterinary Obstetrics
Relationship between the leptin, progesterone, body weight, and onset of puberty in ewe lambs

Mohammed Abdulelah Rahawy; Mohammed Qassim Al ali

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 21 March 2022

Abstract
  The aim of the current study was to find out the relationship between leptin, progesterone, bodyweight with the onset of puberty in the ewe lambs. Eight healthy weaned local breeds of ewe lambs at the age of 90 days were introduced in the study, Body weights were recorded, blood samples serum was collected ...  Read More

Veterinary Theriogenology
The Impact of Various Antioxidant supplementation on Ram's Sperm Quality, Fertilization, and early embryo development, in vitro

Saif Al-Hafedh; FATİN CEDDEN

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 19 March 2022

Abstract
  The in vitro embryo production (IVEP) is very stressful for gametes. Gametes are subjected during in vitro manipulation to many different types of stress; oxidative stress is the most prominent one, which will cause damage or alter the genetic material of the sperm and reduce the quality of the oocytes, ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Clinical and Molecular Detection of Sarcoptes scabiei in Iraqi Camels
Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 21 March 2022

Abstract
  Sarcoptes scabiei var cameli is the most frequent zoonotic species of mites causing mange in camels worldwide. The prevalence of camel’s mange in Iraq is still little studied. Thus, this research was conducted to detect S. scabiei from camels distributed in four provinces of the Middle-Furat area ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Pregabalin potentiates the analgesic effect of tramadol, diclofenac and paracetamol in chicks: Isobolographic analysis
Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 21 March 2022

Abstract
  The study aimed to reveal the median effective analgesic dose (ED50) of pregabalin and to determine the type of analgesic interaction with each of tramadol, diclofenac, and paracetamol in chicks. Methods: The electrical stimulator device was used to detect pain before and after treatment and through ...  Read More

Veterinary Obstetrics
Estimation of gestational age in Shami goats based on transabdominal ultrasonographic measurements of fetal parameters
Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 21 March 2022

Abstract
  The study was aimed to estimate the gestational age of Shami does by transabdominal ultrasonographic measurement of fetal parameters. Thirty-three Shami does aged 2-2.5 years with confirmed conception dates were used. The does were examined in standing position using a transabdominal 3.5 MHz convex sector ...  Read More

Biology
Molecular description of melatonin receptor 1A gene in Iraqi buffalo

hassan nima habib; Khalaf A.H. Al-Rishdy; Murthda F. AL-Hellou

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 12 June 2022

Abstract
  The water buffalo has a seasonal reproductive pattern with reduced sexual activity during the longer photoperiod. The goal of this study was to identify the single nucleotide polymorphism of melatonin receptor 1A gene in Iraqi buffalo cows and 3D structure of its protein and phylogenic with other sequences ...  Read More

Veterinary Surgery
Comparing efficacy of the platelet rich plasma and advanced platelet rich fibrin on tibial bone defect regeneration in dogs

sarah elshafey; abd elmageed fetouh elmezyen; Ahmed S. Behery; Mustafa Abd El Raouf

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 12 June 2022

Abstract
  Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of platelet rich plasma (PRP) and advanced platelet rich fibrin (A-PRF) on regeneration of induced tibial bone defects in dogs. A 7mm circular tibial defect and 10mm depth was performed at the proximal extremity of the right and left tibiae of 12 adult ...  Read More

Infectious and Epidemic Animal Diseases
Multivariable binary logistic regression model to predict risk factors of Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) in Goat and Sheep.

Abdelrhman sobeih; khairy el bayomi; mahmoud el-tarabany; ahmed abuel-atta; sherif moawed

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 12 June 2022

Abstract
  Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a highly contagious illness that affects both domestic and wild small ruminants, causing significant economic losses. The goal of this study was to use a multivariable logistic regression model to determine risk factors for PPR. A total of 113 apparently healthy non-vaccinated ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Protective effect of propolis on liver and kidney injury caused by methotrexate in chicks

Saevan S. Saad Al-Mahmood; Maab A. Fadel

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 12 June 2022

Abstract
  The contemporary reading was deliberated to explore the valuable responsibility of propolis, a biologically brisk flavonoid, in opposition to methotrexate- (MTX-) caused hurt of the liver and kidney in chicks. Chicks customary a multiple intraperitoneal gaves of MTX (40 mg/kg) moreover unaided or in ...  Read More

Animal Embryology
The Potential of Kebar grass extract on histopathological changes in kidney of mice offspring from the parent exposed to carbofuran during lactation period

Epy Muhammad Luqman; Ernestine Sisca Priyatna; Maslichah Mafruchati; Hani Plumeriastuti; Widjiati Widjiati; Viski Fitri Hendrawan

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 12 June 2022

Abstract
  This aims of this research is to know the potential of kebar grass extract (Biophytum petersianum) in reducing the impact of kidney damage in mice offspring during lactation period from parent exposed to carbofuran. Carbofuran, kebar grass extract, and vitamin C are exposed orally postnatal day 1st ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Food safety and sanitation practices survey in very small halal and non-halal beef slaughterhouses in the United States

Omar Al-Mahmood

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 12 June 2022

Abstract
  To determine the level of food safety and sanitation practices and make comparisons between very small halal and non-halal beef slaughterhouses in the United States, we conducted two web-based surveys by using a similar questionnaire and similar data collection methods. Among the 80 halal slaughterhouses ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Molecular identification of Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) isolated from meat and meat products

Raad A. Al-Sanjary; Yousra Abdulrazaq Abdlla; Raad Abdulghany Al-Sanjary

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 12 June 2022

Abstract
  The aim of study is to diagnose diarrheagenic Escherichia coli from meat and their products by conventional polymerase chain reaction technique using uidA gene for confirmation the bacterial isolated as E. coli and used multiplex PCR technique to detect the virulence genes of these bacteria by using ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Molecular and Serological detection of Toxoplasma gondii in three species of wild birds of Babylon Province, middle Iraq

Ameer Ibrahim Alanad; Basim Hashim Abdullah

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 12 June 2022

Abstract
  Birds are intermediate hosts that play a significant role in Toxoplasma gondii epidemiology and infection transfer to humans by eating their raw or undercooked meat.The aim of this study was to diagnosis the Toxoplasma gondii infection in three species of wild birds (Columba livia, Streptopelia senegalensis ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
HISTOCHEMICAL STUDY OF THE HEPATIC METACESTODES IN INFECTED SHEEP WITH HYDATIDOSIS

Buthaina Al-Sabawi; Hanan Sadoon; Mohammed saeed

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 12 June 2022

Abstract
  This study aimed detection the liver histopathological changes of hydatid cysts sheep infestation. Seventeen infested liver's sheep with hydatid cysts were gathered from the local butchers. The specimens sectioned, processed, and stained with hematoxylin and eosin and some special stains such as Gomori's ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Amelioration activity of vitamin E in rabbits with brain histological alteration induced by zinc-oxide nanoparticles

Atheer Nabeel Taha; Hana Kh. Ismail

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 12 June 2022

Abstract
  The Zinc-oxide in the form of nanoparticles suggested to be one of the crucial nanoparticles due to its expanse implementation in many industries, like electrons, food supplements, and maquillage and makeup this led to more exposure of the individual to ZnO NPs through inspiration, and skin penetration. ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
The impact of Nano Zinc oxide particles on the histology of male reproductive system of adult male rabbits

Atheer Nabeel Taha; Hana Kh. Ismail

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 12 June 2022

Abstract
  The goal of our research is evaluating histological impact of nano ZnO particles (NZnO) on the testis and epididymis of adult male rabbits treated with intraperitoneal of 600mg/kg B.W. of nano ZnO particles twice a week for six weeks and illustrate the protective effect of vitamin E versus the effect ...  Read More

Poultry Diseases
ISOLATION AND MOLECULAR DETECTION OF SOME VIRULENCE ASSOCIATED GENES IN AVIAN PATHOGENIC E. COLI

majid Hasan; SAMEER Mezher Abdulla; Amjed H. Ulaiwi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 04 July 2022

Abstract
  At least 13 virulence-associated genes are commonly seen in APEC colibacillosis isolates. A total of ten non-repetitive E. coli isolates from various Iraqi poultry epidemics are being studied as part of this research. Six virulence-associated genes (iroN, iucC, frz Operon, iucD, papC, and R4) were examined ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Molecular Detection of mecA gene in Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolated from dairy mastitis in Nineveh Governorate, Iraq

Omar Hashim Sheet

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 04 July 2022

Abstract
  Staphylococcus (S.) aureus is the main aetiologic cause of dairy mastitis universally. Additionally, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a major pathogenic bacteria in both veterinary medicine and public health. Sixty-six cattleʼs milk samples were collected randomly from different ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Coprological detection of Toxocariosis in domicile and stray dogs or cats in Sulaimani province/ Iraq

Zana Rashid; Sadat Abdulla Aziz Sadat; Othman Ali; Nawroz Akram Kakarash; Hardi Fattah Marif

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 04 July 2022

Abstract
  Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati are ascarid nematodes, belong to the Toxocaridae family and genus Toxocara, causing toxocariosis in dogs and cats. The disease is mainly transmitted between animals and humans through ingestion of contaminated food with the embryonated eggs of the parasite. In addition, ...  Read More

Veterinary Virology
Assessment of multiplex PCR for detection of FMDV, BVDV, BTV and possible co-infection with Pasteurella multocida in cattle

Gawhara G.E. Ahmed abdelmonem; Ali M.A. Amer; Elsayed A.M. Hussein; Zeinab Aboezz; Ahmed R. Habashi; Saad S.A. Sharawi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 04 July 2022

Abstract
  Multiplex polymerase chain reaction (mPCR) assay is a nucleic acid amplification method that is considered reliable and practical mean for several pathogen detection in a single reaction, especially when multiple pathogens are suspected. In this study, a novel mPCR assay was validated for detection of ...  Read More

Animal Histology
Histological and Histochemical Features of the Esophagus in Local Breed Dog (Canis familiaris)

Dhyaa Abdul hussen Abood; Mohammed S. Sulaiman Dawood; Aseel Yassen Hameza

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 04 July 2022

Abstract
  A total of eight samples of esophagus of local breed dog were used to investigate the histochemical features of the esophagus. The specimens were processed according to the protocol of paraffin embedding technique and the tissue sections were stained by hematoxyline and eosin stain, massons trichrom ...  Read More

Animal Hygiene
Molecular Identification of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in meat at Mosul city retails using PCR technique

Ibrahim mohamed Tahr; Muntaha Ghazi Hasan

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 04 July 2022

Abstract
  Pseudomonas are recognized as a unique meat spoiling organisms , the proliferation of these spoilage organisms might influence the organoleptic qualities of meat and meat quality , therefore the current investigation is being carried out to detect pseudomonas associated with meat displayed in Mosul city ...  Read More

Animal Physiology
Anticonvulsant and Antioxidant Activities of Crude Flavonoid extract of Matricaria chamomilla L. against Convulsions Induced by Pentylenetetrazole in Chicks

Suleiman Suleiman; Jian Salam Hassan

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 04 July 2022

Abstract
  In the current study, crude flavonoid extract of Matricaria chamomilla L. (MC) was used to evaluate anticonvulsant and antioxidant activities on pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) induced convulsion in chicks. The biochemical estimation was done by measuring brain tissue neurotransmitters (gamma aminobutyric acid ...  Read More

Animal Histology
The Histologic Effects of High Doses of Botulinum Toxin A on The Rabbit's Salivary Gland

Luma I. Khalel; Jawnaa Khalid Mammdoh; Abdullah Ahmed

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 04 July 2022

Abstract
  The exact mechanism of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A)on submandibular salivary gland(SMG) regarding its function and histology remains unclear. The goal of this work is to clarify the histological effects of BTX-A (at high doses) in SMG in rabbits after one week. Thirty adult male rabbits were used in this ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Acute toxicity events of ivermectin in chicks model

Muna Hazim ALzubaidy; tamara khaled Al-najmawi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 04 July 2022

Abstract
  Ivermectin is a very safe drug however; there are many studies on its toxic effects in different types of animals due to sensitivity, misuse or accidental overdose. The aim of this study was to further characterize the neurotoxic effects of ivermectin in chicks and to identify possible therapeutic strategies ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Effects of ProbChick® on immunological response after New Castle virus using LaSota stain vaccination in broiler

Ali Riyadh Mohammed; Saevan S. Saad Al-Mahmood

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 04 July 2022

Abstract
  The vaccination process and immunological status of chickens during their life period have great importance in the poultry industry. We aimed in the current study to evaluate the effect of ProbChick® on the immunological status of broiler chickens after vaccination with Newcastle vaccination using the ...  Read More

Infectious and Epidemic Animal Diseases
Prevalence and Some Risk Factors with Therapeutic Trial of Sheep Dermatophytosis in Egypt

Elshaima Fawzi; Mohammed Abd-Elmegeed; Mamdouh El-Mekkawi; Abdelkarem Mansour Morsi; Eman Abd-Elfatah; Eman El-Diasty

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 04 July 2022

Abstract
  Dermatophytosis is a fungal disease that affects superficial skin layers and hair of farm animals with worldwide distribution including Egypt with great public health concern and devasting economic losses in form of skin and hide damage and long course of treatment in spite of self-limiting nature of ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Neurobehavioral Toxicity of Copper Sulfate Accompanied by Oxidative Stress and Histopathological Alterations in Chicks' Brain

Yamama Z. Alabdaly; Shahad Alnuaimi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 04 July 2022

Abstract
  The aim is to investigate the sub-acute neurotoxic effects of copper sulfate in chicks on motor and neurobehavioral activity and its relation to oxidative stress and histopathological changes in chick brain tissue. Thirty chicks were employed in this experiment, randomly separated into 5 groups of 6 ...  Read More

Animal Histology
Morphometrical and Histochemical study of glandular stomach (Proventriculus) in local domestic male ducks (Anase Platyrhchos)

Ammar Ghanim Al-Haaik; Ghada Abdulrhman Sultan; Adnan Ali Alhasso

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 04 July 2022

Abstract
  Present study intended to explore the morphometric and histochemical foundations of the wall of proventriculus in adult domestic male ducks. To achieve this study, six healthy adult ducks were purchased from local vendors at Mosul province. All of the birds were sedated and their stomachs were removed ...  Read More

Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
Effects of hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress on the plasma concentration and pharmacokinetics of ketorolac in chicks

Rafal Luqman Abdulah; Yaareb J. Mousa

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 04 July 2022

Abstract
  The aim was designed to determine the impact of oxidative stress (OS), induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), on the ketorolac plasma concentration and pharmacokinetics in the chicks. A significant decrease was observed in the total antioxidant status (TAS) measured on day 7th, 10th, and 14th of chicks ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Subtype analysis of Cryptosporidium spp. in goat in Babylon province, middle Iraq

Akeel Mohammad; Abdul Awad; Mansoor Jadaan Alkhaled

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 06 July 2022

Abstract
  The study aim is to investigate zoonotic potential and diversity of gene of Cryptosporidium species and subtype of C. hominis & C. parvum in goat in Babylon province. A one hounerd samples fac were obtain from four location in Babylon province. It was tested by modified Ziehl-Neelsen stain, 50 positive ...  Read More

Veterinary Microbiology
Multi-drug resistant phenotypes of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli from layer chickens

Wale Olopade; Asinamai Athliamai Bitrus; Asabe Halimat Momoh-Zekeri; Pwaveno Huladeino Bamaiyi

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 03 August 2022

Abstract
  Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is recognized as a growing and emerging public health problem worldwide. This research determines the occurrence of ESBL E. coli and antimicrobial resistance profiles of Escherichia coli on eggshells from selected layer chickens. The shells of 270 egg samples were swabbed ...  Read More

Fish Diseases
Use of black soldier fly (Hermetia illucens) prepupae amino acids as anti Aeromonas hydrophila enterotoxin in vivo

Dahliatul Qosimah; Dahliatul Qosimah; Sanarto Santosa; Maftuch Maftuch; Husnul Khotimah; Loeki Enggar Fitri; Aulanni’am Aulanni’am

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 03 August 2022

Abstract
  Aeromonas hydrophila is an opportunistic freshwater. These bacteria cause gastroenteritis and septicemia in animals and humans. Hemolysin and aerolysin, are important in the pathogenesis of A. hydrophila. Prepupae Black soldier fly (BSF) can be used as an antibacterial using its active substance against ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Microscopic and PCR-based detection of Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina in camel females from Al-Diwaniyah Province, Iraq

Monyer A. Abdulameir Al-Fatlawi; Ghaidaa Abass; Zainab Hussein chaid

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 03 August 2022

Abstract
  This study was carried out to identify the etiological pathogens responsible of protozoal-like disease conditions occurred in camel females from Al-Diwaniyah Province, Iraq. For this reason, 125 camel females (one blood sample per animal) that showed signs of weakness and pale mucus membranes were considered ...  Read More

Veterinary Pathology
Curative and protective potentials of decoction of Moringa oleifera leaf on the streptozotocin-Induced Diabetes mellitus in albino Rats

Mohamed Abdalla; Nahla Ahmed Refat; Moustafa Abou El-Fattouh; Mohamed Mohamed Metwally; Tarek Khamis

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 03 August 2022

Abstract
  The present study was designed to investigate the protective and curative potentials of Moringa oleifera (MO) leaves powder against streptozotocin (STZ) induced type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) in rats. Fifty adult Wistar male albino rats were randomized divided into five equal groups: The normal control ...  Read More

Veterinary Parasitology
Molecular Evaluation of E198A SNP in the iso-type 1 β – tubulin gene of Haemonchus contortus isolated from sheep in Al-Diwanyiah-Iraq

Akram Madlool Alzyadi; Mansoor Jadaan Alkhaled

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 03 August 2022

Abstract
  This study investigated the benzimidazole resistance in Haemonchus contortus parasitic nematodes from sheep from October 2021 to December 2022 in AL-Diwanyiah city/Iraq and samples were processed at the laboratory of Parasitology in Veterinary Medicine College of Al-Qadissyiah University through the ...  Read More

Veterinary Clinical Pathology
Molecular Evidence of Schmallenberg Virus Associated by Ovine Abortion with Fetal Anomalies in Nineveh Province, Iraq

Fahad Yaseen Taha

Articles in Press, Accepted Manuscript, Available Online from 03 August 2022

Abstract
  In late of 2011, Schmallenberg virus (SBV) was observed in Germany using genomic analysis. The virus is transmitted through haematophagus insect vectors and vertically from females to their offspring across the placenta. In adult sheep, the virus causes a short viremia followed by lethargy, abortion, ...  Read More