Keywords : Ultrasonography


Ultrasonography of left displaced abomasum in local cattle breed

Osama M. Aliraqi

Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences, In Press
DOI: 10.33899/ijvs.2020.126447.1328

The aims of the current study were a definitive diagnosis of left displaced abomasum by using ultrasonography furthermore determination of abomasal position and measurements. Study includes sixteen local cattle breed, six have anorexia, weakness and drop milk production, on clinical examination there was decrease rumen contractions 3.6 \ 5 minutes, furthermore a pinging sound heard on auscultation of left intercostal spaces there were diagnosed as left displaced abomasum, other ten clinically healthy cows considered as normal control group. Ultrasonographic imaging was performed for stand nonsedated cows by use 3.5-5 MHz transducer at the ventral midline and in the intercostal spaces 9, 10, 11, and 12 from the left side. Ultrasonography revealed a left side displaced abomasum to an area between the abdominal wall and the rumen, which appeared as hypoechoic fluid content ventrally and hyperechoic parallel echogenic lines of gas gap dorsally, abomasal folds appear as filiform echogenic lines. While in healthy cows an abomasum located in the ventral midline and directed mainly to the right side. In conclusion, ultrasonography as a non-invasive technique could be used as a confirmative diagnosis of left displaced abomasal and help for differential diagnosis of left abomasum displacement a well as can be useful for measurement of abomasum in healthy local breed cattle.

Diagnosis of pregnancy and pathological conditions in the genital system of small ruminants by ultrasonography

Barra D. Al-Wataar; Rania M. Abdullah; Yasmen A. Omer

Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 2016, Volume 30, Issue 1, Pages 9-13
DOI: 10.33899/ijvs.2016.119165

The current study aimed to investigate the possibility of using ultrasonography through abdominal probe in recording percentages of pregnancy, twins and genital pathological condition which affect the uterus for cases admitted to veterinary hospital in Kirkuk province as well as regulated visits to breeding projects of small ruminant and college of agriculture and forestry / Kirkuk university for the period from 01/10/2015 to 01/04/2016, which included 281 of ewes and does. The result of current study showed that that ratio of pregnancy was 75.9% in ewes and in does 47.6% while in case of twins in ewes 19.0% and in does 38.1%., while the genital pathological cases like endometritis and mucometritis (after birth) ratio in ewes 2.5% and in does 9.5%, in cases of pyometra in ewes 1.3% and in does 0.0%, while cases of embryonic deaths ratio in ewes 1.3% and in does 4.8%. It was concluded from the current study that; the possibility of diagnosis the genital pathological cases which affect the uterus as well as the identification of the single and twin pregnancy with investigation of the viability of embryos in both ewes and does by using ultrasonography with abdominal probe.