Keywords : Blood indices


Evaluation of blood, biochemical and biological effects of microalgae Chlorella and germinated barley powder as a source of prebiotic on common carp Cyprinus carpio L.

Havan Sleman; Nasreen M. Abdulrahman; Nazenine Hassan; Hevar HamaSalih

Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 2021, Volume 35, Issue 2, Pages 271-277
DOI: 10.33899/ijvs.2020.126788.1378

This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Chlorella and germinated barley powder on the hematological and biochemical parameters of (Cyprinus carpio L.). An experiment was designed with five treatments; Groups included T1: Diet without any supplement (Control), T2: adding 5 % Chlorella/ kg diet, T3: adding 10 % Chlorella / kg diet, T4: adding 10 % germinated barely / kg diet, T5: adding 20 % germinated barely/ kg diet. At the end of the experiment, the hematological and Immunological parameters were measured. The results revealed that supplementation of Chlorella and germinated barley in diets in which T4 were higher significantly in each of hemoglobin and red blood corpuscles. T1 was significantly higher in the control. A different significance observed in each of Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC), Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), and Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH). Significant variants observed in differential WBC count in T2 and T4 and Monocytes %, a significant difference seen among the treatments in each of Lymphocytes % and Granulocytes %. Significant differences occurred by adding the Chlorella and germinated barely in each Total protein, Alanine aminotransferase activity (ALT), Aspartate aminotransferase activity (AST), Albumin and Globulin among treatments. A significant difference observed in the Hepatosomatic index and Gillsomatic index, T5 with 20 % germinated barely was differ significantly in each of Spleensomatic and Kidneysomatic Index. Based on the results, supplementation of Chlorella and germinated barley in diet can play a role in effecting on some blood and biochemical parameters.





This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Chlorella and germinated barley powder on the hematological and biochemical parameters of (Cyprinus carpio L.). An experiment was designed with five treatments; Groups included T1: Diet without any supplement (Control), T2: adding 5 % Chlorella/ kg diet, T3: adding 10 % Chlorella / kg diet, T4: adding 10 % germinated barely / kg diet, T5: adding 20 % germinatedbarely/ kg diet. At the end of the experiment, the hematological and Immunological parameters were measured. The results revealed that supplementation of Chlorellaand germinated barley in diets in which T4 were higher significantly in each of hemoglobin and red blood corpuscles. T1 was significantly higher in the control. A different significance observed in each of Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration (MCHC), Mean Corpuscular Volume (MCV), and Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin (MCH). Significant variants observed in differential WBC count in T2 and T4 and Monocytes %, a significant difference seen among the treatments in each of Lymphocytes % and Granulocytes %. Significant differences occurred by adding the Chlorella and germinated barely in each Total protein, Alanine aminotransferase activity (ALT), Aspartate aminotransferase activity (AST), Albumin and Globulin among treatments. A significant difference observed in the Hepatosomatic index and Gillsomatic index, T5 with 20 % germinatedbarely was differ significantly in each of Spleensomatic and Kidneysomatic Index. Based on the results, supplementation of Chlorellaand germinated barley in diet can play a role in effecting on some blood and biochemical parameters.





 

Comparative study of the effect of natural planting, hydroponic germination and barley sprout powder as prebiotic in common carp Cyprinus carpio L. blood indices

H.S. Abedalhammed; N.M. Abdulrahman; H.L. Sadik

Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 2017, Volume 31, Issue 1, Pages 7-11
DOI: 10.33899/ijvs.2017.126704

This study was designed to investigate the effect of different ways of barley germination including natural, barley sprout powder and hydroponic planting in university of Sulaimani/ Faculty of Agricultural Sciences/ Fisheries lab. on some blood parameters of common carp Cyprinus carpio L. The study was conducted for 56 days and a total of 175 fingerlings common carp with mean initial weight was 34.71±4.59 gm. Seven experimental diets were fed with the control as 0% (T1), Hydroponic Planting 2.5 and 5 gm/ kg diet (T2 and T3), Barley sprout powder BSP (2.5 and 5 gm/kg) (T4 and T5), Natural planting (2.5 and 5 gm/kg) (T6 and T7). According to the results significant differences observed among the treatments when compare with the control in RBC counts, Hb and PCV. In general BSP (5gm/ kg diet) was higher numerically than other treatments, especially when compared with control and hydroponic planting in both levels. No significant differences noticed in both of WBC counts and the counts of each of Monocytes, numerically, Barley sprout powder in both levels were more effects on WBC counts while T2 Hydroponic Planting 2.5gm/ kg diet was higher numerically in monocytes, T6 natural planting in Eosinophils and Basophils without significance. The statistical analysis of the Lymphocyte data showed no significance in Heterophil all the treatments were significantly differ than T7 natural planting 5gm/ kg diet.