Author : Zia, M.A.

Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) based detection and economic impact of foot-and-mouth disease in District Faisalabad, Pakistan during the year 2015

W. Ali; M. Habib; R.S.A. Khan; M.A. Zia; I.U. Khan; U. Saliha; M. Farooq; M.S. Shah; H.M. Muzammil

Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 2017, Volume 31, Issue 1, Pages 1-6
DOI: 10.33899/ijvs.2017.126703

The aim of this study was to evaluate the economic impact of the disease by using milk production records and to determine the serotypes circulating in the region during 2015. Sampling was done from different outbreaks initially on the basis of clinical signs and later reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was employed for the conformation of FMDV genome. Out of total 88 samples, 73 were found positive which were then serotyped into type O (n=44), Asia1 (n=18) and A (n=06). The economic impact was analyzed by recording milk loss at four affected farms. Their average milk yield was observed 9.2 liters before the onset of disease that decreased dramatically after the disease. Milk loss of 225 and 195 liters was recorded for buffalo and cattle respectively, during 70 days of the study period.