Author : Lazim, E.H.

Hydrosalpinx and pyosalpinx in Iraqi local breed cows

E.H. Lazim; H.F. Al-abidy; U. D. Naoman

Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences, 2009, Volume 23, Issue 2, Pages 121-126
DOI: 10.33899/ijvs.2009.5735

The aim of this study was to determine the bacteria associated with hydrosalpinx and pyosalpinx. 260 genital tract specimens collected from Mosul abattoir randomly. Examination of specimens showed that18 genital tracts were affected with hydrosalpinx and 7 were suffering from pyosalpinx. Specimens were collected for bacterial examination from oviductal fluid for hydrosalpinx and pyosalpinx and also swabs were taken from oviduct and uterus from same specimen. Samples were taken from oviduct and uterus for histological examination. The results of this study showed the prevalence of hydrosalpinx was 6.92% and unilateral case was 61.1 % (n=11) while the prevalence of pyosalpinx was 2.69% and in unilateral case was 57.1% (n=4). The bacteriological examination show no bacterial growth in 13 specimen (72.2%) in hydrosalpinx while bacterial growth in pyosalpinx 100%. The results of this study revealed no bacteria isolated from hydrosalpinx compared with bacteria isolated from uterus in same specimens and most frequent bacteria isolated were Actinomyces bovis and Escherichia coli in percentage (25.0%), (37.5%) respectively , The histological examination show no inflammatory reaction in hydrosalpinx associated with endometritis while Archanobacterium pyogenes isolated pyosalpinx in high percentage (33.3%), and there were an inflammatory changes in oviduct tissue in pyosalpinx with inflammatory reaction in uterus which effected with endometritis. It could be concluded that the hydrosalpinx caused by inflammation of uterus which extend to tube junction with accumulation of fibrin leading to closure of oviduct due to fluid accumulation while pyosalpinx is a result of inflammation of uterus and extending to oviduct leading to salpingitis and accumulation of pus and closing of the oviduct.